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We first generalize the concept of clutter power spectrum locus so that it can be applied to arbitrary antenna arrays. This locus is a curve in the 4D space of the Doppler frequency and the 3 spatial frequencies. This generalization is valid for both monostatic and bistatic radar configurations. We show that the customary clutter power spectrum locus(More)
The increasing interest for arbitrary antenna arrays in radar space-time adaptive processing (STAP) creates a need for a thorough understanding of the role of, and dependencies between, spatial and Doppler frequencies and related quantities, especially in the characterization of clutter. We successively introduce " geometrical " and statistical concepts,(More)
To recreate stress in laboratory conditions, the nature of the elicited physiological reactions to the presentation of mental tasks has been extensively studied. However, whether this experimental response is equivalent to real-life stress reactivity is still under debate. We investigated cardio-respiratory reactivity to a sequential protocol of different(More)
The vigilance decrement has been described as a slowing in reaction times or an increase in error rates as an effect of time-on-task during tedious monitoring tasks. This decrement has been alternatively ascribed to either withdrawal of the supervisory attentional system, due to underarousal caused by the insufficient workload, or to a decreased attentional(More)
This study examined the existence of direct maternal-infant physiological relatedness in respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) when the infant was age 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks. We instructed mothers to breathe at 6, 12, 15, 20, and 6 cycles per minute while their infants lay on their body. The mother-infant ECG and respiration were registered and video(More)
— Unlike classical bistatic radars, passive radars make use of illuminators of opportunity to detect targets and to estimate target parameters. One existing radio transmission suitable for passive radar operation is the Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM). For non-cooperative bistatic configurations, one of the major difficulties is the estimation(More)
The method proposed in this paper aims at performing an automatic estimation of the clutter power spectrum (PS) locus in order to perform an optimum range-dependence compensation to finally provide an estimate of the snapshot covariance matrix. The method is shown to estimate reliably the clutter PS locus even for complex bistatic scenarios involving(More)
Since the launch of ERS-1 in 1991 and ERS-2 in 1995, carrying a C-band Scatterometer, a data set of more than thirteen years of backscattered signal from the Earth surface is available for exploitation. With its global coverage, day or night and all-weather operation, ERS Scatterometer data offer unique opportunity for long-term studies and research. Beyond(More)
We present a new method to estimate the clutter-plus-noise covariance matrix used to compute an adaptive filter in space-time adaptive processing (STAP). The method computes a ML estimate of the clutter scattering coefficients using a Bayesian framework and knowledge on the structure of the covariance matrix. A priori information on the clutter statistics(More)