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Asymmetric localization is a prerequisite for inscuteable (insc) to function in coordinating and mediating asymmetric cell divisions in Drosophila. We show here that Partner of Inscuteable (Pins), a new component of asymmetric divisions, is required for Inscuteable to asymmetrically localize. In the absence of pins, Inscuteable becomes cytoplasmic and(More)
The orientation of the mitotic spindle has been proposed to control cell fate choices, tissue architecture, and tissue morphogenesis. Here, we review the mechanisms regulating the orientation of the axis of division and cell fate choices in classical models of asymmetric cell division. We then discuss the mechanisms of mitotic spindle orientation in(More)
neurogenin2 encodes a neural-specific basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor related to the Drosophila proneural factor atonal. We show here that the murine ngn2 gene is essential for development of the epibranchial placode-derived cranial sensory ganglia. An ngn2 null mutation blocks the delamination of neuronal precursors from the placodes,(More)
Phox2a is a vertebrate homeodomain protein expressed in subsets of differentiating neurons. Here, we show that it is essential for proper development of the locus coeruleus, a subset of sympathetic and parasympathetic ganglia and the VIIth, IXth, and Xth cranial sensory ganglia. In the sensory ganglia, we have identified two differentiation blocks in(More)
The spatio-temporal regulation of symmetrical as opposed to asymmetric cell divisions directs the fate and location of cells in the developing CNS. In invertebrates, G-protein regulators control spindle orientation in asymmetric divisions, which generate progeny with different identities. We investigated the role of the G-protein regulator LGN (also called(More)
Obtaining reliable predictions of species range shifts under climate change is a crucial challenge for ecologists and stakeholders. At the continental scale, niche-based models have been widely used in the last 10 years to predict the potential impacts of climate change on species distributions all over the world, although these models do not include any(More)
The most commonly used approaches to describe distributions of species and biodiversity are known as correlative (syn. phenomenological) species distribution models (Elith & Leathwick, 2009). These methods aim to describe the patterns, not the mechanisms, in the association between species occurrences and environmental data (mainly climatic data). Helmholtz(More)
To maintain tissue architecture, epithelial cells divide in a planar fashion, perpendicular to their main polarity axis. As the centrosome resumes an apical localization in interphase, planar spindle orientation is reset at each cell cycle. We used three-dimensional live imaging of GFP-labeled centrosomes to investigate the dynamics of spindle orientation(More)
In this study, we analyze for the first time endoplasmic reticulum (ER) dynamics and organization during oogenesis and embryonic divisions of Drosophila melanogaster using a Protein Disulfide Isomerase (PDI) GFP chimera protein. An accumulation of ER material into the oocyte takes place during the early steps of oogenesis. The compact organization of ER(More)
Understanding the link between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning (BEF) is pivotal in the context of global biodiversity loss. Yet, long-term effects have been explored only weakly, especially for forests, and no clear evidence has been found regarding the underlying mechanisms. We explore the long-term relationship between diversity and productivity(More)