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OBJECTIVE Movements of brain tissue during neurosurgical procedures reduce the effectiveness of using pre-operative images for intra-operative surgical guidance. In this paper, we explore the use of acquiring intra-operative ultrasound (US) images for the quantification of and correction for non-linear brain deformations. MATERIALS AND METHODS We will(More)
This paper describes an interactive system for the semantic annotation of brain magnetic resonance images. The system uses both a numerical atlas and symbolic knowledge of brain anatomical structures depicted using the Semantic Web standards. This knowledge is combined with graphical data, automatically extracted from the images by imaging tools. The(More)
OBJECT The authors present the use of cortical sulci, segmented from magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and functional data from functional (f)MR imaging and magnetoencephalography (MEG) in the image-guided surgical management of lesions adjacent to the sensorimotor cortex. METHODS In an initial set of 11 patients, sulci near lesions were automatically(More)
Three-dimensional (3D) freehand ultrasound uses the acquisition of non-parallel B-scans localized in 3D by a tracking system (optic, mechanical or magnetic). Using the positions of the irregularly spaced B-scans, a regular 3D lattice volume can be reconstructed, to which conventional 3D computer vision algorithms (registration and segmentation) can be(More)
The registration of intraoperative ultrasound (US) images with preoperative magnetic resonance (MR) images is a challenging problem due to the difference of information contained in each image modality. To overcome this difficulty, we introduce a new probabilistic function based on the matching of cerebral hyperechogenic structures. In brain imaging, these(More)
The registration of intraoperative Ultrasound (US) with preo-perative Magnetic Resonance (MR) images is a challenging problem due to the difference of information contained in each image modality. To overcome this difficulty, we introduce a new probabilistic function for similarity measurements based on the mean curvature of MR isophots and US(More)
The segmentation of the surgical workflow might be helpful for providing context-sensitive user interfaces, or generating automatic report. Our approach focused on the automatic recognition of surgical phases by microscope image classification. Our workflow, including images features extraction, image database labelisation, Principal Component Analysis(More)
Ultrasound (US) imaging is often proposed as an interoperative imaging modality. This use nearly always requires that the collected data be registered to preoperative data of another modality. Existing intensity-based registration approaches all begin by reconstructing a 3D US volume from the collected 2D slices. We propose to directly register the set of(More)
Intraoperative brain deformations decrease accuracy in image-guided neurosurgery. Approaches to quantify these deformations based on 3-D reconstruction of cortectomy surfaces have been described and have shown promising results regarding the extrapolation to the whole brain volume using additional prior knowledge or sparse volume modalities. Quantification(More)
PURPOSE Template-based segmentation techniques have been developed to facilitate the accurate targeting of deep brain structures in patients with movement disorders. Three template-based brain MRI segmentation techniques were compared to determine the best strategy for segmenting the deep brain structures of patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS(More)