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OBJECTIVE Movements of brain tissue during neurosurgical procedures reduce the effectiveness of using pre-operative images for intra-operative surgical guidance. In this paper, we explore the use of acquiring intra-operative ultrasound (US) images for the quantification of and correction for non-linear brain deformations. MATERIALS AND METHODS We will(More)
Propofol, an anesthetic agent acting as an analogue of vitamin E, has been advocated to be an ideal neuroprotective agent both in animal models and in clinical practice, due to its positive effects on oxidative stress. Nevertheless, no studies have compared this agent to another sedative agent used for sedation after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The(More)
This paper describes an interactive system for the semantic annotation of brain magnetic resonance images. The system uses both a numerical atlas and symbolic knowledge of brain anatomical structures depicted using the Semantic Web standards. This knowledge is combined with graphical data, automatically extracted from the images by imaging tools. The(More)
BACKGROUND Up to now, extra-dural haematomas (EDH) in elderly patients have been known for their poor prognosis and few studies have focused on the particularity of EDH in the elderly. Most clinical studies relating to EDH have generally focused on its occurrence in children and the middle-aged, grouping people of over 50 and 60 years together as the(More)
BACKGROUND Anterior screw fixation is the best treatment for odontoid fractures when the fracture line is horizontal or oblique downward and backward, as it preserves atlantoaxial mobility, especially axial rotation. Some details regarding patient positioning and operative technique need to be stressed to obtain the best results and avoid complications. (More)
OBJECT The authors present the use of cortical sulci, segmented from magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and functional data from functional (f)MR imaging and magnetoencephalography (MEG) in the image-guided surgical management of lesions adjacent to the sensorimotor cortex. METHODS In an initial set of 11 patients, sulci near lesions were automatically(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive technique used in the treatment of major depression. Meta-analyses have shown that it is more efficient than a placebo and that its efficacy is enhanced by the optimum tuning of stimulation parameters. However, the stimulation target, the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), is still located using(More)
The authors present the case of a 33-year-old woman presenting with a 4-week history of vertigo and headaches. Physical examination revealed an isolated static cerebellar syndrome. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a homogeneously enhancing tumor located in the fourth ventricle. Complete surgical removal was performed and microscopic examination revealed a(More)