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BACKGROUND Patients with nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS) are believed to be predisposed to develop early-onset neoplasms including medulloblastomas (MB). The desmoplastic subtype of MB is associated most commonly with NBCCS. The goals of this study were to demonstrate the relation between desmoplastic MB and NBCCS and to evaluate the(More)
Intramedullary abscesses of the spinal cord are uncommon. Most of them occur in association with heart, pulmonary or urogenital infections. We report two cases of intramedullary spinal cord abscesses secondary to congenital dermal sinus. Only 14 cases of such an association have previously been reported. In our cases, dermal sinus was associated with an(More)
OBJECTIVE Movements of brain tissue during neurosurgical procedures reduce the effectiveness of using pre-operative images for intra-operative surgical guidance. In this paper, we explore the use of acquiring intra-operative ultrasound (US) images for the quantification of and correction for non-linear brain deformations. MATERIALS AND METHODS We will(More)
Anterior sacral meningocele was first described in 1837. Most reported cases were associated with complications, including meningitis and death, because of misdiagnosis or inappropriate surgical approach. The authors present a case of anterior sacral meningocele accidentally discovered during pregnancy and provide unique magnetic resonance imaging(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare 3D time-of-flight MR angiography (TOF-MRA) at 3 Tesla (3T) with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) for the evaluation of intracranial aneurysm occlusion after endovascular coiling. METHODS In a prospective study, 51 consecutive patients (25 females, 26 males; median age, 51 years) with 51 saccular aneurysms treated with(More)
In this paper, we outline a way to improve computer-assisted neurosurgery using surgical models along with patient-specific models built from multimodal images. We propose a methodological framework for surgical models that include the definition of a surgical ontology, the development of software for describing surgical procedures based on this ontology(More)
This paper describes an interactive system for the semantic annotation of brain magnetic resonance images. The system uses both a numerical atlas and symbolic knowledge of brain anatomical structures depicted using the Semantic Web standards. This knowledge is combined with graphical data, automatically extracted from the images by imaging tools. The(More)
HAL is a multidisciplinary open access archive for the deposit and dissemination of scientific research documents, whether they are published or not. The documents may come from teaching and research institutions in France or abroad, or from public or private research centers. L'archive ouverte pluridisciplinaire HAL, est destinée au dépôt età la diffusion(More)
Intraoperative brain deformations decrease accuracy in image-guided neurosurgery. Approaches to quantify these deformations based on 3-D reconstruction of cortectomy surfaces have been described and have shown promising results regarding the extrapolation to the whole brain volume using additional prior knowledge or sparse volume modalities. Quantification(More)
The anatomy of the radial tunnel was studied on twenty-five elbow preparations. We noted five different elements that could affect the deep branch of the radial nerve in the radial tunnel and cause an entrapment syndrome: a capsule-tendon-aponeurotic complex on the anterior aspect of both the humeroradial joint and the radial head, the vascular arcade(More)