Xavier Matabosch

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Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is caused by deficiency in the terminal step of cholesterol biosynthesis: the conversion of 7-dehydrocholesterol (7DHC) to cholesterol (C), catalyzed by 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase (DHCR7). This disorder exhibits several phenotypic traits including dysmorphia and mental retardation with a broad range of severity. There(More)
The acid ceramidase (AC) inhibitory activity of octanoylamides, p-tert-butylbenzamides and pivaloylamides of several 2-substituted aminoethanols is reported. All the aminoethanol amides bearing a hexadecyl substituent (C16), as well as (S)-N-(1-(hexadecylthio)-3-hydroxypropan-2-yl)pivaloylamide (SC16-tb) were inhibitory in cell lysates overexpressing AC,(More)
Our recent studies have focused on cholesterol synthesis in mouse models for 7-dehydrosterolreductase (DHCR7) deficiency, also known as Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome. Investigations of such mutants have relied on tissue and blood levels of the cholesterol precursor 7-dehydrocholesterol (7DHC) and its 8-dehydro isomer. In this investigation by gas(More)
Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is an inborn error of cholesterol synthesis resulting from a defect in 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase (DHCR7), the enzyme that produces cholesterol from its immediate precursor 7-dehydrocholesterol. Current therapy employing dietary cholesterol is inadequate. As SLOS is caused by a defect in a single gene, restoring enzyme(More)
RATIONALE Glucocorticosteroids are prohibited in sports when used by systemic administrations (e.g. intramuscular, IM), whereas they are allowed using other ways of administration. Strategies to discriminate between administrations routes have to be developed by doping control laboratories. For this reason, the metabolism of triamcinolone acetonide (TA),(More)
The steroid profile (SP) is a powerful tool to detect the misuse of endogenous anabolic androgenic steroids in sports, and it is included in the athlete biological passport (ABP). Glucocorticoids (GCs), which are widely prescribed in sports and are only prohibited in competition by systemic routes, inhibit the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Since the(More)
Triamcinolone acetonide (TA) is prohibited in sport competitions using systemic administrations (e.g., intramuscular, IM), and it is allowed by other routes (e.g., intranasal, IN, or topical, TOP). A reporting level of 30 ng/mL is used to discriminate between forbidden and allowed administrations. We examined urinary profiles of TA metabolites after TOP, IN(More)
Stanozolol (STAN) is one of the most frequently detected anabolic androgenic steroids in sports drug testing. STAN misuse is commonly detected by monitoring metabolites excreted conjugated with glucuronic acid after enzymatic hydrolysis or using direct detection by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). It is well known that some of the(More)
Arachidonic acid (AA) participates in a reacylation/deacylation cycle of membrane phospholipids, the so-called Lands cycle, that serves to keep the concentration of this free fatty acid in cells at a very low level. To manipulate the intracellular AA level in U937 phagocytes, we have used several pharmacological strategies to interfere with the Lands cycle.(More)
Glucocorticosteroids are prohibited in sports when administered by systemic routes and allowed using other administrations for therapeutic reasons. Therefore, markers to distinguish between routes of administration through the analysis of urine samples are needed in anti-doping control. As a first step to achieve that goal, the metabolism of betamethasone(More)