Xavier Maître

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This paper describes a technique that combines radial MRI and phase contrast (PC) to map the velocities of hyperpolarized gases ((3)He) in respiratory airways. The method was evaluated on well known geometries (straight and U-shaped pipes) before it was applied in vivo. Dynamic 2D maps of the three velocity components were obtained from a 10-mm slice with(More)
Transverse relaxation of hyperpolarized helium-3 magnetization in respiratory airways highly depends on local magnetic field gradients induced by the magnetic susceptibility difference between gas and pulmonary tissue. Fast transverse relaxation is known to be an important feature that yields information about lung microstructure and function, but it is(More)
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and magnetic resonance (MR) gas velocimetry were concurrently performed to study airflow in the same model of human proximal airways. Realistic in vivo-based human airway geometry was segmented from thoracic computed tomography. The three-dimensional numerical description of the airways was used for both generation of a(More)
A family of velocity-selective pulses consisting of a series of RF hard pulses followed by bipolar gradients was designed. The succession of required pulses was deduced using a k-space approach within a small tip-angle approximation. Fourier transform of the desired velocity excitation determined the flip-angle series, and the corresponding position in the(More)
PURPOSE Aerosol toxicology and drug delivery through the lungs, which depend on various parameters, require methods to quantify particle deposition. Intrapulmonary-administered MRI contrast agent combined with lung-specific imaging sequences has been proposed as a high performance technique for aerosol research. Here, aerosol deposition is assessed using(More)
The respiratory properties of perfluorocarbons (PFC) have been widely studied for liquid ventilation in humans and animals. Several PFC were tested but their tolerance may depend on the species. Here, the effects of a single administration of liquid PFC into pig lungs were assessed and compared. Three different PFC having distinct evaporative and spreading(More)
PURPOSE In MR-velocity phase-contrast measurements, increasing the encoding bipolar gradient, i.e., decreasing the field of speed, usually improves measurement precision. However, in gases, fast diffusion during the bipolar gradient pulses may dramatically decrease the signal-to-noise ratio, thus degrading measurement precision. These two effects are(More)
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