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The rural Xuan Wei County, Yunnan Province, China, has an unusually high lung cancer mortality rate that cannot be attributed to tobacco smoke or occupational exposure. The lung cancer rate is associated with 'smoky' coal, in contrast to wood or 'smokeless' coal burned in unventilated homes. This study was conducted to characterize and compare mouse skin(More)
  • Xavier Lee, Andrew Thompson, +6 authors Martin Young
  • 1998
From the ‡Department of Cancer Biology, Cleveland Clinic Research Institute, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, ¶European Synchrotron Radiation Facilities, Avenue des Martyrs, Grenoble, France 38042, iHoward Hughes Medical Institute, National Synchrotron Light Source, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973, and the **Institute for Biological Sciences,(More)
2-5A-dependent RNase (RNase L), a unique endoribonuclease that requires 5'-phosphorylated 2',5'-linked oligoadenylates (2-5A), functions in the molecular mechanism of interferon action. Because this enzyme is present at very low levels in nature, characterization and analysis have been limited. The molecular cloning of human, 2-5A-dependent RNase cDNA has(More)
The high lung cancer rate in Xuan Wei, China, is associated with smoky coal use in unvented homes, but not with wood or smokeless coal use. Smoky coal combustion emits higher polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) concentrations than wood combustion. This study used DNA adducts as biomarkers for human exposure to PAH from combustion emissions. DNA adducts(More)
The predicted structure and molecular trajectories from >80 ns molecular dynamics simulation of the solvated Double-Super Helix (DSH) model of nascent high-density lipoprotein (HDL) were determined and compared with experimental data on reconstituted nascent HDL obtained from multiple biophysical platforms, including small angle neutron scattering (SANS)(More)
Adamalysin II, alias proteinase II, a 24 kDa zinc-endopeptidase isolated from the snake venom of the Eastern diamondback rattlesnake Crotalus adamanteus, is a prototype of the proteolytic domain of snake venom metalloproteinases and of domains found in mammalian reproductive tract proteins. Its 2.0 A crystal and molecular structure was solved by multiple(More)
Spherical high density lipoprotein (sHDL), a key player in reverse cholesterol transport and the most abundant form of HDL, is associated with cardiovascular diseases. Small angle neutron scattering with contrast variation was used to determine the solution structure of protein and lipid components of reconstituted sHDL. Apolipoprotein A1, the major protein(More)
High density lipoprotein (HDL), the carrier of so-called "good" cholesterol, serves as the major athero-protective lipoprotein and has emerged as a key therapeutic target for cardiovascular disease. We applied small angle neutron scattering (SANS) with contrast variation and selective isotopic deuteration to the study of nascent HDL to obtain the low(More)
Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) with contrast variation was used to obtain the low-resolution structure of nascent HDL (nHDL) reconstituted with dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine (DMPC) in the absence and presence of cholesterol, [apoA1:DMPC (1:80, mol:mol) and apoA1:DMPC:cholesterol (1:86:9, mol:mol:mol)]. The overall shape of both particles is(More)
A unique serine-protease inhibitor (serpin) of the blood fluke S. haematobium has been crystallized. It is an antitrypsin with an unusual residue (phenylalanine) at its reactive center. Unlike any known member of this gene family, it is a membrane-anchored protein on the surface of the parasite. The location of this serpin and immunological response to the(More)