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Termination of translation in eukaryotes is governed by two polypeptide chain release factors, eRF1 and eRF3 on the ribosome. eRF1 promotes stop-codon-dependent hydrolysis of peptidyl-tRNA, and eRF3 interacts with eRF1 and stimulates eRF1 activity in the presence of GTP. Here, we have demonstrated that eRF3 is a GTP-binding protein endowed with a(More)
The termination of protein synthesis in ribosomes is governed by termination (stop) codons in messenger RNAs and by polypeptide chain release factors (RFs). Although the primary structure of prokaryotic RFs and yeast mitochrondrial RF is established, that of the only known eukaryotic RF (eRF) remains obscure. Here we report the assignment of a family of(More)
Termination of translation in higher organisms is a GTP-dependent process. However, in the structure of the single polypeptide chain release factor known so far (eRF1) there are no GTP binding motifs. Moreover, in prokaryotes, a GTP binding protein, RF3, stimulates translation termination. From these observations we proposed that a second eRF should exist,(More)
It is known from experiments with bacteria and eukaryotic viruses that readthrough of termination codons located within the open reading frame (ORF) of mRNAs depends on the availability of suppressor tRNA(s) and the efficiency of termination in cells. Consequently, the yield of readthrough products can be used as a measure of the activity of polypeptide(More)
Two eukaryotic proteins involved in translation termination have recently been characterized in in vitro experiments. Eukaryotic release factor 1 (eRF1) catalyzes the release of the polypeptide chain without any stop codon specificity. The GTP-binding protein eRF3 confers GTP dependence to the termination process and stimulates eRF1 activity. We used(More)
Polypeptide chain termination in eukaryotic cells is mediated in part by the release factor eRF1 (Sup45p). We have isolated and characterised cDNAs encoding this translation factor from Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) and human (Homo sapiens) Daudi cells. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequence of these new eRF1 (Sup45p) sequences with those(More)
After internal contamination, uranium rapidly distributes in the body; up to 20 % of the initial dose is retained in the skeleton, where it remains for years. Several studies suggest that uranium has a deleterious effect on the bone cell system, but little is known regarding the mechanisms leading to accumulation of uranium in bone tissue. We have performed(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION In Xenopus, during oocyte maturation and the segmentation period, cell cycle progression is independent of new transcription, but requires de novo translation. This suggests that the completion of oocyte maturation and then the rapid cell division period is controlled exclusively at a post-transcriptional level by specific gene(More)
Cell morphogenesis is a complex process that depends on cytoskeleton and membrane organization, intracellular signalling and vesicular trafficking. The rod shape of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe and the availability of powerful genetic tools make this species an excellent model to study cell morphology. Here we have investigated the function(More)
BACKGROUND The von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene encodes two mRNA variants. Variant 1 encodes two protein isoforms, pVHL213 and pVHL160, that have been extensively documented in the literature. Variant 2 is produced by alternative splicing of exon 2 and encodes a pVHL isoform of 172 amino acids with a theoretical molecular weight of 19 kDa (pVHL172), the(More)