Xavier Le Goff

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Termination of translation in eukaryotes is governed by two polypeptide chain release factors, eRF1 and eRF3 on the ribosome. eRF1 promotes stop-codon-dependent hydrolysis of peptidyl-tRNA, and eRF3 interacts with eRF1 and stimulates eRF1 activity in the presence of GTP. Here, we have demonstrated that eRF3 is a GTP-binding protein endowed with a(More)
Termination of translation in higher organisms is a GTP-dependent process. However, in the structure of the single polypeptide chain release factor known so far (eRF1) there are no GTP binding motifs. Moreover, in prokaryotes, a GTP binding protein, RF3, stimulates translation termination. From these observations we proposed that a second eRF should exist,(More)
The termination of protein synthesis in ribosomes is governed by termination (stop) codons in messenger RNAs and by polypeptide chain release factors (RFs). Although the primary structure of prokaryotic RFs and yeast mitochrondrial RF is established, that of the only known eukaryotic RF (eRF) remains obscure. Here we report the assignment of a family of(More)
BACKGROUND The von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene encodes two mRNA variants. Variant 1 encodes two protein isoforms, pVHL213 and pVHL160, that have been extensively documented in the literature. Variant 2 is produced by alternative splicing of exon 2 and encodes a pVHL isoform of 172 amino acids with a theoretical molecular weight of 19 kDa (pVHL172), the(More)
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common histological subtype of kidney cancer and is often characterized by mutations or deletions of the Von Hippel Lindau (VHL) tumour suppressor gene. Aurora gene family members are implicated in proper mitotic progression and spindle checkpoint function and play a crucial role in cancer progression. In(More)
We report a one-step synthesis of the phosphine, PPh(2)(i)C(3)F(7) from commercially available precursors. The stereoelectronic properties of the phosphine were probed by coordination to transition metals. Mo(CO)(5)PPh(2)(i)C(3)F(7) was synthesised and the synthesis and structure of trans-PtCl(2)(PPh(2)(i)C(3)F(7))(2) are described. PPh(2)(i)C(3)F(7) was(More)
The synthetic outcome of the Friedel-Crafts acylation of 1',2',3,3',4,4',5'-heptamethylphospharuthenocene reflects the nature of the acylating agent, with alkanoyl anhydride/trifluoromethanesulfonic acid (TfOH) reagents giving monosubstitution at the phospholyl ring, whereas alkanoyl chloride/AlCl(3) gives 2,5-disubstitution. DFT calculations indicate that(More)
It is known from experiments with bacteria and eukaryotic viruses that readthrough of termination codons located within the open reading frame (ORF) of mRNAs depends on the availability of suppressor tRNA(s) and the efficiency of termination in cells. Consequently, the yield of readthrough products can be used as a measure of the activity of polypeptide(More)
Two eukaryotic proteins involved in translation termination have recently been characterized in in vitro experiments. Eukaryotic release factor 1 (eRF1) catalyzes the release of the polypeptide chain without any stop codon specificity. The GTP-binding protein eRF3 confers GTP dependence to the termination process and stimulates eRF1 activity. We used(More)
After internal contamination, uranium rapidly distributes in the body; up to 20 % of the initial dose is retained in the skeleton, where it remains for years. Several studies suggest that uranium has a deleterious effect on the bone cell system, but little is known regarding the mechanisms leading to accumulation of uranium in bone tissue. We have performed(More)