Xavier Hermant

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BACKGROUND The DD genotype for the angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE I) deletion allele (D) polymorphism is a possible genetic risk factor for restenosis after coronary stent implantation. We aimed to establish whether or not blockade of ACE with high doses of ACE inhibitors could reduce this risk of angiographic restenosis. METHODS We characterised(More)
The importance of apolipoprotein E (APOE) in lipid and lipoprotein metabolism is well established. However, the impact of APOE polymorphisms has never been investigated in an Algerian population. This study assessed, for the fist time, the relationships between three APOE polymorphisms (epsilon, rs439401, rs4420638) and plasma lipid concentrations in a(More)
Previous studies have clearly demonstrated the beneficial effect of beta-blockers in patients with stable congestive heart failure (CHF). beta-blockers improve left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and reduce cardiac mortality. However, there is an interindividual variability in the response to these agents. Two studies have suggested a possible impact(More)
OBJECTIVES Our hypothesis was that functional polymorphisms in matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) genes may act as susceptibility factors for the development of coronary aneurysms (CAs). BACKGROUND Different forms of remodeling have been described at the level of coronary arteries; CA, reported in 1% to 5% of patients with angiographic evidence of coronary(More)
To more rapidly identify candidate genes located within chromosomal regions of interest defined by genome scan studies in Alzheimer's disease (AD), we have developed a customized microarray containing all the ORFs (n=2741) located within nine of these regions. Levels of gene expression were assessed in total RNA from brain tissue of 12 controls and 12 AD(More)
Genome-wide association studies have shown that the rs340874 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in PROX1 is a genetic susceptibility factor for type 2 diabetes. We conducted genetic and molecular studies to better understand the role of PROX1 in type 2 diabetes. We assessed the impact of the whole common genetic variability of PROX1 (80 SNPs) on type 2(More)
Although possession of the epsilon 4 allele of the apolipoprotein E gene appears to be an important biological marker for Alzheimer's disease (AD) susceptibility, strong evidence indicates that at least one additional risk gene exists on chromosome 12. Here, we describe an association of the 3'-UTR +1073 C/T polymorphism of the OLR1 (oxidised LDL receptor(More)
BACKGROUND Beta-adrenergic receptor blockade is an established treatment of chronic heart failure (HF). Previous studies have suggested a potential pharmacogenetic interaction between beta-blocker therapy and the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D polymorphism in patients with HF. AIMS We designed this study to analyze changes in myocardial function(More)
Neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaques, constituted of extracellular amyloid deposits (Abeta), are the two defining pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Inhibiting the synthesis or aggregation of Abeta or increasing its clearance may reduce the detrimental effects of this peptide and consequently improve cognitive functions in patients.(More)
Cerebral accumulation of beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) is a central event in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Several proteases were shown to hydrolyze Abeta in vitro or in cell-based assays, and are likely candidates for a role in Abeta clearance in brain. Previous reports suggest that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) could be involved in such(More)