Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur6
Agathe Bridoux4
Jean-Paul Nguyen4
6Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur
4Agathe Bridoux
4Jean-Paul Nguyen
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A concept in Parkinson's disease postulates that motor cortex may pattern abnormal rhythmic activities in the basal ganglia, underlying the genesis of observed motor symptoms. We conducted a preclinical study of electrical interference in the primary motor cortex using a chronic MPTP primate model in which dopamine depletion was progressive and regularly(More)
In Parkinson's disease, degeneration of specific neurons in the midbrain can cause severe motor deficits, including tremors and the inability to initiate movement. The standard treatment is administration of pharmacological agents that transiently increase concentrations of brain dopamine and thereby discontinuously modulate neuronal activity in the(More)
Epidural motor cortex stimulation (MCS) has been proposed as a treatment for chronic, drug-resistant neuropathic pain of various origins. Regarding pain syndromes due to peripheral nerve lesion, only case series have previously been reported. We present the results of the first randomized controlled trial using chronic MCS in this indication. Sixteen(More)
The goal of our study was to investigate different aspects of sleep, namely the sleep-wake cycle and sleep stages, in the vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (VS/UWS), and minimally conscious state (MCS). A 24-h polysomnography was performed in 20 patients who were in a UWS (n=10) or in a MCS (n=10) because of brain injury. The data were(More)
Epidural motor cortex stimulation (MCS) could achieve good pain control in patients with drug-resistant chronic neurogenic pain. In the search for parameters associated with the favourable outcome of this surgical procedure, quantitative sensory testing was performed in a series of 31 patients treated by MCS for chronic pain. Non-nociceptive and nociceptive(More)
Chronobiological models have contributed to a better understanding of the pathophysiology of bipolar disorders. Circadian functions dysregulations are associated with bipolar disorders, including biochemical (melatonin and cortisol profiles), actigraphic (sleep/wake patterns), and dimensional (chronotypes) circadian markers. These associations are observed(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the beneficial effect of nap versus rest on the recovery of motor evoked potentials (MEPs) after a fatiguing exercise performed in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and healthy controls. METHODS In 12 MS patients and 12 healthy controls, MEPs were recorded from the adductor pollicis muscle before, 10 and 60 min (T0, T10, and T60)(More)
Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) display significant sleep disturbances and daytime sleepiness. Dopaminergic treatment dramatically improves PD motor symptoms, but its action on sleep remains controversial, suggesting a causal role of nondopaminergic lesions in these symptoms. Because the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) regulates sleep and arousal, and(More)
  • Agathe Bridoux, Stephane Moutereau, Ala Covali-Noroc, Laurent Margarit, Stephane Palfi, Jean-Paul Nguyen +4 others
  • 2013
OBJECTIVE Patients with Parkinson's disease frequently complain of sleep disturbances and loss of muscle atonia during rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep is not rare. The orexin-A (hypocretin-1) hypothalamic system plays a central role in controlling REM sleep. Loss of orexin neurons results in narcolepsy-cataplexy, a condition characterized by diurnal(More)