Xavier Descombes

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We define a new birth and death dynamics dealing with configurations of disks in the plane. We prove the convergence of the continuous process and propose a discrete scheme converging to the continuous case. This framework is developed to address image processing problems consisting in detecting a configuration of objects from a digital image. The derived(More)
We present a new approach for building reconstruction from a single Digital Surface Model (DSM). It treats buildings as an assemblage of simple urban structures extracted from a library of 3D parametric blocks (like a LEGO set). First, the 2D-supports of the urban structures are extracted either interactively or automatically. Then, 3D-blocks are placed on(More)
This paper addresses the problem of unsupervised extraction of line networks (for example, road or hydrographic networks) from remotely sensed images. We model the target line network by an object process, where the objects correspond to interacting line segments. The prior model, called "quality candy," is designed to exploit as fully as possible the(More)
Recent developments in statistics now allow maximum likelihood estimators for the parameters of Markov random fields (MRFs) to be constructed. We detail the theory required, and present an algorithm that is easily implemented and practical in terms of computation time. We demonstrate this algorithm on three MRF models--the standard Potts model, an(More)
This paper presents a new stochastic marked point process for describing images in terms of a finite library of geometric objects. Image analysis based on conventional marked point processes has already produced convincing results but at the expense of parameter tuning, computing time, and model specificity. Our more general multimarked point process has(More)
In this paper, we introduce a new probabilistic method which integrates building extraction with change detection in remotely sensed image pairs. A global optimization process attempts to find the optimal configuration of buildings, considering the observed data, prior knowledge, and interactions between the neighboring building parts. We present(More)
In this paper we propose a new method for the extraction of roads from remotely sensed images. Under the assumption that roads form a thin network in the image, we approximate such a network by connected line segments. To perform this task, we construct a point process able to simulate and detect thin networks. The segments have to be connected, in order to(More)
Texture analysis has been widely investigated in the monospectral and multispectral imagery domains. At the same time, new image sensors with a large number of bands (more than ten) have been designed. They are able to provide images with both fine spectral and spatial sampling, and are called hyperspectral images. The aim of this work is to perform a joint(More)
Functional magnetic resonance images (fMRI's) provide high-resolution datasets which allow researchers to obtain accurate delineation and sensitive detection of activation areas involved in cognitive processes. To preserve the resolution of this noninvasive technique, refined methods are required in the analysis of the data. In this paper, the authors first(More)
This work presents a framework for automatic feature extraction from images using stochastic geometry. Features in images are modeled as realizations of a spatial point process of geometrical shapes. This framework allows the incorporation of a priori knowledge on the spatial repartition of features. More specifically, we present a model based on the(More)