Xavier Briand

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Ulva often represents the main component of mass algal growths, and its composition and degradability make it a relatively good methanisation substrate. In ‘green tides’ Ulva sp. from Brittany, the low content oflignin-type components (polyphloroglucinols: 1.3% dry weight), and the large hemicellulosic fraction (9% dry weight) favour the substrate's(More)
Urea is the major nitrogen (N) form supplied as fertilizer in agriculture, but it is also an important N metabolite in plants. Urea transport and assimilation were investigated in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). Uptake studies using (15)N-labeled urea demonstrated the capacity of Arabidopsis to absorb urea and that the urea uptake was regulated by the(More)
The industrial use of elicitors as alternative tools for disease control needs the identification of abundant sources of them. We report on an elicitor obtained from the green algae Ulva spp. A fraction containing most exclusively the sulfated polysaccharide known as ulvan-induced expression of a GUS gene placed under the control of a lipoxygenase gene(More)
‘Green tides’ Ulva is often harvested for environmental reasons, and put in a dump. Observations on degradation of Ulva in such dumps led us to consider recovery of hydrolysis juice in order to methanize this rather than the entire alga. The hydrolysis step was then studied in the laboratory and under real conditions. The decomposition of Ulva was rapid(More)
We report here a new, label-free approach to measure serum protein binding constants. The assay is able to measure HSA K d values in the milli-molar to micromolar range. The protein is not immobilized on any surface and the assay self-corrects for nonspecific adsorption. No mass balance is required to get accurate binding constants and it is not necessary(More)
We report on a new, high-throughput assay designed to measure octanol/water partition coefficients in early drug discovery. The assay is carried out in 96-well microtiterplates and measures the diffusion of compounds between two aqueous compartments separated by a thin octanol liquid layer. Octanol/water partition coefficients are derived from the apparent(More)
The protective activity of a crude extract prepared from the green macroalga, Ulva armoricana, previously shown to induce plant defence responses, was evaluated on three plant species, common bean, grapevine and cucumber, cultivated in the greenhouse and inoculated with three powdery mildew pathogens Erysiphe polygoni, E. necator and Sphareotheca fuliginea(More)
In many countries, the algae of “green tides” are harvested in the fight against pollution. Ulva often represents the main component of the tide, and intensive research has been conducted on the possibility to use the algae as a methanisation substrate. However, methanisation is hampered by various practical obstacles, which requires a compromise between(More)
We address the verification of hybrid systems built as the composition of a discrete software controller interacting with a physical environment exhibiting a continuous behavior. Our goal is to attack the problem of the combinatorial explosion of discrete states that may happen if a complex software controller is considered. We propose as a solution to(More)
The enhancing effect of three marine bioactive substances (MBS) – EXT1116, NA9158 and 251104 – on the absorption of ammonium and potassium by the root system and the growth of potted grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) plants is reported. Root ion influxes were determined in vivo by the non-invasive vibrating probe technique. Treatment with MBS generally enhanced(More)