Xavier A Hébuterne

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BACKGROUND Reports of an increased risk of lymphoproliferative disorders in patients receiving thiopurines for inflammatory bowel disease are controversial. We assessed this risk in a prospective observational cohort study. METHODS 19,486 patients with inflammatory bowel disease, of whom 11,759 (60.3%) had Crohn's disease and 7727 (39.7%) had ulcerative(More)
Medical Department, Rotes Kreuz Krankenhaus Kassel, 34121 Kassel, Germany Medical Department, AKH Wels, 4600 Wels, Austria GI Nutrition, Archet 2 Hospital, 06202 Nice, France Department of Gastroenterology, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands Department of Clinical Medicine, University ‘La Sapienza’, Rome, Italy Department of(More)
BACKGROUND A subset of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) have an increased number of mast cells (MCs) in the colonic mucosa. Psychological factors are believed to contribute to the course of IBS. AIMS To examine associations between fatigue, depression and MCs of the colonic mucosa in IBS. METHODS Colonic biopsies were taken from 50 Rome II(More)
Susceptibility to Crohn's disease, a complex inflammatory disease, is influenced by common variants at many loci. The common exonic synonymous SNP (c.313C>T) in IRGM, found in strong linkage disequilibrium with a deletion polymorphism, has been classified as non-causative because of the absence of an alteration in the IRGM protein sequence or splice sites.(More)
BACKGROUND Adalimumab (ADA) and certolizumab pegol (CZP) have demonstrated efficacy in Crohn's disease (CD) patients previously treated with infliximab (IFX). AIM To assess the efficacy and tolerability of a third anti-TNF in CD after failure of and/or intolerance to two different anti-TNF antibodies. METHODS Crohn's disease patients who received ADA or(More)
A retrospective survey on home parenteral nutrition (HPN) in Europe was performed from January to December 1997. Data were compared to a similar study performed in 1993. A questionnaire of HPN practice was designed by the members of the ESPEN-HAN group. This involved adult patients (older than 16 years) newly registered in an HPN program between 1 January(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the role of colonic barrier defects and low-grade inflammation in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-like symptoms in quiescent inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). DESIGN Caecal biopsies were collected from 51 IBS, 49 quiescent IBD (31 Crohn's disease (CD) and 18 ulcerative colitis (UC)) patients and 27 controls. IBS was assessed using(More)
AIM Diarrhea is a significant problem in patients on total enteral nutrition (TEN) and may involve changes in intestinal short chain fatty acids or microflora. Recent studies suggest that the probiotic yeast Saccharomyces boulardii (Sb) may decrease its incidence. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of Sb on fecal flora and short-chain fatty(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and Crohn disease (CD) have impaired quality of life (Qol) associated with fatigue. Whether IBS-like symptoms have a similar impact on Qol and fatigue in quiescent CD than in IBS is currently unknown. Our aims were (i) to evaluate the prevalence of IBS-like symptoms in quiescent CD and (ii) to compare(More)
Undernutrition as well as specific nutrient deficiencies have been described in patients with Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC) and short bowel syndrome (SBS). The present guideline gives evidence-based recommendations for the indication, application and type of formula of enteral nutrition (EN) (oral nutritional supplements (ONS) or tube(More)