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Speed and acceleration are essential for field sport athletes. However, the mechanical factors important for field sport acceleration have not been established in the scientific literature. The purpose of this study was to determine the biomechanical and performance factors that differentiate sprint acceleration ability in field sport athletes. Twenty men(More)
PURPOSE To compare various measures of training load (TL) derived from physiological (heart rate [HR]), perceptual (rating of perceived exertion [RPE]), and physical (global positioning system [GPS] and accelerometer) data during in-season field-based training for professional soccer. METHODS Fifteen professional male soccer players (age 24.9 ± 5.4 y,(More)
This study investigated the effects of 10-day lower limb cast immobilization on sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ regulation. Muscle biopsies were analysed in eight healthy females for maximal rates of SR Ca2+ release, Ca2+ uptake and Ca2+ ATPase activity at control, during immobilization at day 3 (IM 3), day 6 (IM 6) and day 10 (IM 10). Quadriceps muscle(More)
PURPOSE This study investigated the effects of the menstrual cycle on prolonged exercise performance both in temperate (20°C, 45% relative humidity) and hot, humid (32°C, 60% relative humidity) conditions. METHODS For each environmental condition, 12 recreationally active females were tested during the early follicular (day 3-6) and midluteal (day 19-25)(More)
A variety of resistance training interventions are used to improve field sport acceleration (e.g., free sprinting, weights, plyometrics, resisted sprinting). The effects these protocols have on acceleration performance and components of sprint technique have not been clearly defined in the literature. This study assessed 4 common protocols (free sprint(More)
The influence of the different phases of the menstrual cycle on skeletal muscle contractile characteristics was studied in 19 regularly menstruating women. Muscle function was measured when (i) oestrogen and progesterone concentrations were low (menstruation), (ii) oestrogen was elevated and progesterone was low (late follicular phase), and (iii) oestrogen(More)
This article reviews the potential effects of the female steroid hormone fluctuations during the menstrual cycle on exercise performance. The measurement of estrogen and progesterone concentration to verify menstrual cycle phase is a major consideration in this review. However, even when hormone concentrations are measured, the combination of differences in(More)
Session ratings of perceived exertion (session RPE) are commonly used to assess global training intensity for team sports. However, there is little research quantifying the intensity of field-based training protocols for speed development. The study's aim was to determine the session RPE of popular training protocols (free sprint [FST], resisted sprint(More)
Excessive or prolonged foot pronation has been linked to the development of numerous overuse injuries affecting the lower limb. The originally proposed pathomechanical model suggests foot motion affects more proximal structures through disruption of distal to proximal coupling between the foot, tibia, femur, and hip. Research evidence supports the presence(More)
This study profiled beach flags start kinematics for experienced young adult sprinters. Five males and three females (age = 20.8 ± 2.1 years; height = 1.70 ± 0.06 meters [m]; mass = 63.9 ± 6.0 kilograms) completed four sprints using their competition start technique. A high-speed camera, positioned laterally, filmed the start. Data included: start time;(More)