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BACKGROUND Current methods of locating the epidural space rely on surface anatomical landmarks and loss-of-resistance (LOR). We are not aware of any data describing real-time ultrasound (US)-guided epidural access in adults. METHODS We evaluated the feasibility of performing real-time US-guided paramedian epidural access with the epidural needle inserted(More)
Lumbar plexus block (LPB) is frequently used in combination with an ipsilateral sacral plexus or sciatic nerve block for lower limb surgery. This is traditionally performed using surface anatomical landmarks, and the site for local anaesthetic injection is confirmed by observing quadriceps muscle contraction to peripheral nerve stimulation. In this report,(More)
This study aimed to investigate the hypoglycemic, lipid-lowering and antidepressant effects of Zuogui Jiangtang Jieyu formulation (ZGJTJY) in a model of unpredictable chronic mild stress (UCMS) in rats with diabetes mellitus (DM; the UCMS-DM model). Sixty rats were randomly divided into blank control, vehicle (model plus vehicle), positive control (model(More)
OBJECTIVES The use of ultrasound to guide peripheral nerve blocks is now a well-established technique in regional anaesthesia. However, despite reports of ultrasound guided epidural access via the paramedian approach, there are limited data on the use of ultrasound for central neuraxial blocks, which may be due to a poor understanding of spinal sonoanatomy.(More)
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