XIANG-XIANG JING

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Male and female rats were exposed for 3 weeks to diazepam (DZ)-filled or empty capsules (CTR) prior to the daily administration of morphine (MOR, 5 mg/kg, IP) for 5 days. Thereafter, capsules were removed and 48 h later MOR was injected for the next 5 days. The tail-flick latency (TFL) was measured prior to and 15, 30, and 60 min after MOR assessed(More)
The aim of the present study was to explore the feasibility of enhancing green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene transfection into the synovial joint tissues of rats with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by ultrasound-mediated micro-bubble destruction. An optimal SonoVue dose was determined using 40 normal rats categorized into five groups according to the various(More)
These studies were undertaken to 1) determine whether repeated dosing with the peripheral benzodiazepine antagonist PK 11195 alters its ability to precipitate withdrawal abstinence in diazepam-dependent rats; 2) whether the administration of PK 11195 and the central benzodiazepine antagonist, flumazenil, 3 days apart to the same rat produces an ordering(More)
Female rats were exposed to diazepam (DZ) implants (90 mg/week) or to empty capsules (controls) for 5 weeks. Rats were focally injected (1 microl) into the substantia nigra (SNR) with the central (CBR) and peripheral (PBR) benzodiazepine receptor antagonists, flumazenil [(FLU) 6.25, 12.5, or 25 microg], and PK 11195 [(PK) 3.125, 6.25, 12.5, or 25 microg],(More)
Male rats chronically exposed to diazepam (DZ) slowly released from subcutaneously implanted silastic capsules along with empty capsule control rats were focally injected (1 microl) into the substantia nigra (SNR) with the central (CBR) and peripheral (PBR) benzodiazepine receptor antagonists, flumazenil [(FLU) 6.25, 12.5, 25 microg] and PK 11195 [(PK)(More)
Six female rats had a loading dose of 180 mg of diazepam (DZ) contained in two Silastic capsules implanted in their backs. Thereafter, a single 90-mg capsule was implanted weekly for 4 weeks prior to weekly microinjections of 1 microl of flumazenil (6.25, 12.5, or 25 microg) and PK 11195 (3.125, 6.25, or 12.5 microg) or vehicle into the CA1. Three control(More)
Flumazenil (FLU; 25 micrograms) and DMSO-vehicle were focally injected (1 microliter) into the substantia nigra (SN) and the dorsal raphe nucleus (DR) in rats chronically implanted with silastic capsules containing diazepam (DZ; 540 mg/week). FLU precipitated an abstinence syndrome in the SN as indicated by a significant abstinence score, several abstinence(More)
The abilities of the central (CBR) and the peripheral (PBR) benzodiazepine receptor antagonists, flumazenil (FLU) and PK 11195 (PK), to precipitate an abstinence syndrome in diazepam (DZ)-dependent rats have been evaluated. Female rats were exposed for 5 weeks to DZ slowly released from SC implanted silastic capsules (90 mg/capsule per week) and thereafter(More)
The central and peripheral benzodiazepine (BZ) receptor antagonists, flumazenil (FLU) and PK 11195 (PK), administered intrathecally (IT) to diazepam (DZ)-dependent rats produced a precipitated abstinence syndrome. The scores for abstinence increased with increasing dose of FLU but not with increasing dose of PK. Twitches and jerks increased with increased(More)
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