Analog neural nets for constrained optimization are proposed as an analogue of Newton's algorithm in numerical analysis. The neural model is globally stable and can converge to the constrained stationary points. Nonlinear neurons are introduced into the net, making it possible to solve optimization problems where the variables take discrete values, i.e.,… (More)
We discuss the notions of inexhaustible, weakly inexhaustible, age-inexhaustible and closure-inexhaustible for countable homogeneous structures. Then we characterize these properties of homogeneous structures in various ways. We also exhibit several examples which show that the assumption of finite language is necessary for some of the results.
Understanding the relationship between domesticated crop species and their wild relatives is paramount to germplasm maintenance and the utilization of wild relatives in breeding programs. Recently, Gossypium ekmanianum was resurrected as an independent species based on morphological analysis of specimens obtained from the Dominican Republic, where the… (More)
The synchronisation of time and frequency between remote locations is crucial for many important applications. Conventional time and frequency dissemination often makes use of satellite links. Recently, the communication fibre network has become an attractive option for long-distance time and frequency dissemination. Here, we demonstrate accurate frequency… (More)
BACKGROUND In Western countries, a history of major depression (MD) is associated with reports of received parenting that is low in warmth and caring and high in control and authoritarianism. Does a similar pattern exist in women in China? METHOD Received parenting was assessed by a shortened version of the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) in two groups… (More)
Development of gibberella ear rot (GER) resistant genotypes in maize is important to reduce yield loss and most importantly to avoid mycotoxin contamination of food and feed. The objective of the current study was to investigate the effect of kernel drydown rate (KDD) on GER disease development and to test whether using KDD as an indirect selection trait… (More)
Ethylene promotes stomatal closure via inducing hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) generation. H2O2 can be catalytically synthesized by several enzymes in plants. Here, by means of stomatal bioassay, the analysis of enzyme activity and using laser-scanning confocal microscopy based on the H2O2-sensitive probe 2′,7′-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (H2DCF-DA), the… (More)