X-Z Chen

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While central administration of arginine vasopressin (VP) to the non-febrile rat at high doses can cause hypothermia, there is little evidence for a role for endogenous VP in normal thermoregulation. In contrast, VP arising from cell bodies in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and innervating the ventral septal areas and possibly the amygdala appears(More)
We examined actions of arginine vasopressin (AVP) and amastatin (an inhibitor of the aminopeptidase that cleaves AVP) on synaptic currents in slices of rat parabrachial nucleus using the nystatin-perforated patch recording technique. AVP reversibly decreased the amplitude of the evoked, glutamate-mediated, excitatory postsynaptic current (EPSC) with an(More)
The pontine parabrachial nucleus (PBN) receives both opioid and Neuropeptide FF (NPFF) projections from the lower brain stem and/or the spinal cord. Because of this anatomical convergence and previous evidence that NPFF displays both pro- and anti-opioid activities, this study examined the synaptic effects of NPFF in the PBN and the mechanisms underlying(More)
Nystatin-perforated patch recordings were made from rat parabrachial neurons in an in vitro slice preparation to examine the effect of dopamine on parabrachial cells and on excitatory synaptic transmission in this nucleus. In current clamp mode, dopamine reduced the amplitude of the evoked excitatory postsynaptic potential without significant change in(More)
The vasopressinergic innervation of the ventral septal area (VSA) has been shown to be implicated in antipyresis. Because this system is less well developed in female rats, we hypothesized that female rats would display exaggerated febrile responses. We therefore examined the temperature responses of conscious and urethan-anesthetized rats of both sexes to(More)
There is now good evidence that vasopressin (AVP) acts, in the male rat, as a neurotransmitter in the ventral septal area to reduce fever. In light of the well known sexual dimorphism in the AVP innervation of the brain, we asked if female rats would (a) display fevers different from those seen in male rats, (b) respond to AVP with antipyresis, (c) display(More)
Ibogaine is a natural alkaloid of Voacanga africana that is effective in the treatment of withdrawal symptoms and craving in drug addicts. As the synaptic and cellular basis of ibogaine's actions are not well understood, this study tested the hypothesis that ibogaine and Voacanga africana extract modulate neuronal excitability and synaptic transmission in(More)
The hyperpolarization-activated h channel current (Ih) reported to be present in acutely isolated rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons is inhibited by Cs+ and ZD7288. It was recently reported that lead (Pb2+) inhibits voltage-gated Ca2+ and K+ channels in DRG neurons but the effect of Pb2+ on Ih has so far not been reported. Using whole-cell patch clamp(More)
We have used hypothalamic slices of the supraoptic nucleus (SON) to investigate synaptic control of magnocellular vasopressinergic and oxytocinergic neurons. With the use of perforated patch recording techniques we identified and isolated excitatory or inhibitory postsynaptic currents elicited by electrical stimulation of afferent fibers. Both inhibitory(More)
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