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Previous research demonstrated that rotenone (RT) induces neuronal injury partially by increasing intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)]i), and inducing oxidative stress, leading to a neurodegenerative disorder. However, the mechanism of RT-induced injury remains elusive. Recent work revealed that Ca(2+) signaling is important for RT-induced(More)
Studies demonstrated that chronic high-dose homocysteine administration induced learning and memory impairment in animals. Atractylenolide III (Aen-III), a neuroprotective constituent of Atractylodis macrocephalae Koidz, was isolated in our previous study. In this study, we investigated potential benefits of Aen-III in preventing learning and memory(More)
A yeast two-hybrid assay has identified an androgen-dependent interaction of androgen receptor (AR) with amino-terminal enhancer of split (AES), a member of the highly conserved Groucho/TLE family of corepressors. Full-length AR, as well as the N-terminal fragment of AR, showed direct interactions with AES in in vitro protein-protein interaction assays. AES(More)
BACKGROUND Most knowledge regarding the effects of antidepressant drugs is at the receptor level, distal from the nervous system effects that mediate their clinical efficacy. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), this study investigated the effects of escitalopram, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), on resting-state brain(More)
Unlike the multiple-shelled organization of other Reoviridae members, cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus (CPV) has a single-shelled capsid. The three-dimensional structures of full and empty CPV by electron cryomicroscopy show identical outer shells but differ inside. The outer surface reveals a T=1 icosahedral shell decorated with spikes at its icosahedral(More)
Immune responses at mucosal barriers are regulated by innate type 2 lymphoid cells (ILC2s) that elaborate effector cytokines interleukins 5 and 13 (IL5 and IL13). IL25 and IL33 are key cytokines that support ILC2s; however, mice deficient in these pathways retain some functional ILC2s. Analysis of human and murine cells revealed that ILC2s highly express(More)
This study aimed to understand the role of Cav1.3, one of the four L-type voltage sensitive calcium channels (VSCC) alpha(1) subunits, in the skeletal response to mechanical loading and intermittent PTH treatment. The Cav1.3 mRNA is expressed in osteoblasts. The Cav1.3 mRNA level in male wild type mice is higher than those in female. Loss of Cav1.3 resulted(More)
Familial tumoral calcinosis is characterized by ectopic calcifications and hyperphosphatemia due to inactivating mutations in FGF23 or UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 3 (GALNT3). Herein we report a homozygous missense mutation (H193R) in the KLOTHO (KL) gene of a 13-year-old girl who presented with severe(More)
The expression of erythropoietin receptor (EpoR) in brain and neuronal cells, and hypoxia-responsive production of erythropoietin (Epo) in the brain suggests that the function of Epo as a survival or viability factor may extend beyond hematopoietic tissue and erythroid progenitor cells. Epo, produced by astrocytes and neurons, can be induced by hypoxia by(More)
A microbore flow injection analysis-immobilized enzyme reactor-electrochemical detection (FIA-IMER-ECD) system for glucose and lactate detection was built up. The assays were precise, sensitive and practicable for determination of glucose and lactate levels in hypothalamic dialysate. The method had been used to detect the dynamic changes of glucose and(More)