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HIV particles that use the chemokine receptor CXCR4 as a coreceptor for entry into cells (X4-HIV) inefficiently transmit infection across mucosal surfaces [1], despite their presence in seminal fluid and mucosal secretions from infected individuals [2] [3] [4]. In addition, although intestinal lymphocytes are susceptible to infection with either X4-HIV(More)
Effects of Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang (Japanese name: Hochu-ekki-to) on the resistance against Listeria monocytogenes were observed in ICR mice orally administered this medicine daily for 10 days. Survival rates were increased by the pretreatment in mice inoculated i.v. with bacteria 1 day after the last administration and in mice inoculated i.p. 4 days after the(More)
The AML1 transcription factor complex is the most frequent target of leukemia-associated chromosomal translocations. Homeodomain-interacting protein kinase 2 (HIPK2) is a part of the AML1 complex and activates AML1-mediated transcription. However, chromosomal translocations and mutations of HIPK2 have not been reported. In the current study, we screened(More)
We analyzed the kinetics of leukocyte number, serum granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) concentration, and G-CSF receptor expression in mice after recombinant human (rh) G-CSF treatment. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection with 200 mg/kg of cyclophosphamide (CP) induced a transient decrease of leukocyte number in blood and spleen. Daily i.p.(More)
We found that the number of T cell receptor (TCR) alpha beta + CD4- CD8- T cells increased in the peritoneal cavity on day 5 after an intraperitoneal infection with Listeria monocytogenes strain EGD together with TCR gamma delta + CD4- CD8- T cells. Thereafter, the TCR alpha beta + CD4- CD8- T cells decreased to a normal level by day 14. The TCR alpha beta(More)
L-selectin, which was first reported as MEL-14 antigen in mice, is a type of animal lectin and expressed on lymphocytes, neutrophils and macrophages. L-selectin has been reported to be a homing receptor of lymphocytes to peripheral lymph nodes and to have an important role in initial adhesion of lymphocytes and neutrophils to endothelial cells activated by(More)
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