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Vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid) is essential for many enzymatic reactions, in which it serves to maintain prosthetic metal ions in their reduced forms (for example, Fe2+, Cu+), and for scavenging free radicals in order to protect tissues from oxidative damage. The facilitative sugar transporters of the GLUT type can transport the oxidized form of the vitamin,(More)
Polycystic kidney diseases are genetic disorders in which the renal parenchyma is progressively replaced by fluid-filled cysts. Two members of the polycystin family (polycystin-1 and -2) are mutated in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), and polycystin-L is deleted in mice with renal and retinal defects. Polycystins are membrane proteins(More)
Mutations in polycystins-1 and -2 (PC1 and PC2) cause autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), which is characterized by progressive development of epithelial renal cysts, ultimately leading to renal failure. The functions of these polycystins remain elusive. Here we show that PC2 is a Ca(2+)-permeable cation channel with properties distinct(More)
Accumulating evidence supports that nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase contributes to microglia-mediated neurotoxicity in the CNS neurodegenerative diseases. Several studies, including ours, suggest that microglial activation is involved in the retinal degeneration in the animal models of retinitis pigmentosa (RP). In the present(More)
Receptor-interacting protein (RIP)3 is a critical regulator of necroptosis and has been demonstrated to be associated with various diseases, suggesting that its inhibitors are promising in the clinic. However, there have been few RIP3 inhibitors reported as yet. B-Raf V600E inhibitors are an important anticancer drug class for metastatic melanoma therapy.(More)
Receptor-interacting protein (RIP)3 is a critical regulator of necroptosis and has been demonstrated to be associated with various diseases, suggesting that its inhibitors are promising in the clinic. However, there have been few RIP3 inhibitors reported as yet. B-Raf(V600E) inhibitors are an important anticancer drug class for metastatic melanoma therapy.(More)
Proton-coupled peptide transporters mediate the absorption of a large variety of di- and tripeptides as well as peptide-like pharmacologically active compounds. We report a kinetic analysis of the rat kidney high-affinity peptide transporter PepT2 expressed in Xenopus oocytes. By use of simultaneous radioactive uptake and current measurements under(More)
Hepatolenticular degeneration (HLD) as an autosomal recessively inherited disease has been known to be associated with by copper metabolic dysfunction. Its primary genetic defect is still not clear. The average copper content of HLD cells was found to be approximately threefold as much as that of normal cells in the authors previous studies. Cultured(More)
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