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Recent evidence suggests that apical and basolateral endocytic pathways in epithelia converge in an apically located, pericentriolar endosomal compartment termed the apical recycling endosome. In this compartment, apically and basolaterally internalized membrane constituents are thought to be sorted for recycling back to their site of origin or for(More)
The transforming growth factor beta s (TGF-beta s) are a group of multifunctional growth factors which inhibit cell cycle progression in many cell types. The TGF-beta-induced cell cycle arrest has been partially attributed to the regulatory effects of TGF-beta on both the levels and the activities of the G1 cyclins and their kinase partners. The activities(More)
Polarized epithelial cells maintain the polarized distribution of basolateral and apical membrane proteins through a process of receptor-mediated endocytosis, sorting, and then recycling to the appropriate membrane domain. We have previously shown that the small GTP-binding proteins, Rab11a and Rab25, are associated with the apical recycling system of(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) binds with high affinity to the type II receptor, a transmembrane protein with a cytoplasmic serine/threonine kinase domain. We show that the type II receptor requires both its kinase activity and association with another TGF beta-binding protein, the type I receptor, to signal growth inhibition and early gene(More)
The Smad proteins have been implicated in the intracellular signaling of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) ligands. Here we describe the function of Smad5 in early Xenopus development. Misexpression of Smad5 in the embryo causes ventralization and induces ventral mesoderm. Moreover, Smad5 induces epidermis in dissociated ectoderm cells which would(More)
A cDNA encoding the TGF-beta type II receptor protein has been isolated by an expression cloning strategy. The cloned cDNA, when transfected into COS cells, leads to overexpression of an approximately 80 kd protein that specifically binds radioiodinated TGF-beta 1. Excess TGF-beta 1 competes for binding of radioiodinated TGF-beta 1 in a dose-dependent(More)
The transforming growth factor beta s (TGF-beta s) are a group of multifunctional growth factors that inhibit cell cycle progression in many cell types. The TGF-beta-induced cell cycle arrest has been partially attributed to the regulatory effects of TGF-beta on both the levels and activities of the G1 cyclins and their cyclin-dependent kinase partners. The(More)
Members of the Smad family of proteins are thought to play important roles in transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta)-mediated signal transduction. In response to TGF-beta, specific Smads become inducibly phosphorylated, form heteromers with Smad4, and undergo nuclear accumulation. In addition, overexpression of specific Smad combinations can mimic the(More)
The expression of a membrane-associated folate receptor (FR) was elevated in spleen samples from patients with chronic (CML) and acute (AML) myelogenous leukemias compared with normal spleen. Contrary to earlier reports, antibodies to a purified FR from placenta cross-reacted quantitatively with this protein in solution radioimmunoassays. Similar to(More)
The rat TGF-beta type III receptor cDNA has been cloned by overexpression in COS cells. The encoded receptor is an 853 amino acid protein with a large N-terminal extracellular domain containing at least one site for glycosaminoglycan addition, a single hydrophobic transmembrane domain, and a 41 amino acid cytoplasmic tail with no obvious signaling motif.(More)