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A newly isolated rod-shaped, gram-negative anaerobic bacterium from human feces, named Julong 732, was found to be capable of metabolizing the isoflavone dihydrodaidzein to S-equol under anaerobic conditions. The metabolite, equol, was identified by using electron impact ionization mass spectrometry, (1)H and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy,(More)
The attachment of single-stranded DNA to a solid support has many biotechnology and molecular biology applications. This paper compares different immobilization chemistries to covalently link single-stranded DNA (20 base pairs), oligo(1), onto glass beads via a 5'-amino terminal end. Immobilization methods included a one-step(More)
Stereochemical course of isoflavanone dihydrodaidzein (DHD) reduction into the isoflavan (3S)-equol via tetrahydrodaidzein (THD) by the human intestinal anaerobic bacterium Eggerthella strain Julong 732 was studied. THD was synthesized by catalytic hydrogenation, and each stereoisomer was separated by chiral high-performance liquid chromatography. Circular(More)
A rod-shaped and Gram-positive anaerobic bacterium, named Niu-O16, which was isolated from bovine rumen contents, was found to be capable of anaerobically converting isoflavones daidzein and genistein to dihydrodaidzein (DHD) and dihydrogenistein (DHG), respectively. The metabolites DHD and DHG were identified using EI-MS and NMR spectrometric analyses.(More)
An anaerobic incubation mixture of two bacterial strains Eggerthella sp. Julong 732 and Lactobacillus sp. Niu-O16, which have been known to transform dihydrodaidzein to S-equol and daidzein to dihydrodaidzein respectively, produced S-equol from daidzein through dihydrodaidzein. The biotransformation kinetics of daidzein by the mixed cultures showed that the(More)
A gene encoding inulin fructotransferase (di-D-fructofuranose 1,2': 2,3' dianhydride [DFA III]-producing IFTase, EC from Bacillus sp. snu-7 was cloned. This gene was composed of a single, 1,353-bp open reading frame encoding a protein composed of a 40-amino acid signal peptide and a 410-amino acid mature protein. The deduced amino acid sequence(More)
Molecularly imprinted microspheres (MIMs) against trimethoprim (TMP), prepared by aqueous microsuspension polymerization, bound strongly to TMP, by electrostatic and other non-covalent interactions. The effects of pH, kind and ionic strength (I) of buffer on capacity factors (k') have been discussed in detail. The capacity factors for TMP increased with(More)
A novel poly(vinyl chloride) membrane electrode with high selectivity toward salicylate (Sal-), based on the use of the salicylal-imino acid Schiff base dibenyl complex of Sn(IV) [Sn(IV)-SIADBen] as ionophore is described. The influence of lipophilic charged additives on the performance of the electrode was studied. The results suggested that Sn(IV)-SIADBen(More)
Current methods for the detection of pathogens in food and water samples generally require a preenrichment step that allows selective enrichment of the test organism. The objective of this research was to eliminate an enrichment step to allow detection of bacteria directly in food and water samples in 30 min. A high-flow-rate, fluidized bed to capture and(More)
Patterns of plant diversity and soil factors along the altitude gradient on the northern slope of Ili River Valley were examined. Plant and environment characteristics were surveyed from 1000~2200 m. There were a total of 155 vascular plant, 133 herbage, 18 shrub, and 7 tree species in 44 sampled plots. The plant richness of vegetation types generally(More)