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The cytotoxicity of ionizing radiation (IR) has been associated with both the p53 pathway and with DNA mismatch repair (MMR). p53 mediates cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in response to X-ray damage, whereas the MMR complex is thought to recognize damaged bases and initiate a signal transduction pathway that can include phosphorylation of p53. To determine(More)
We have examined the interaction between synapsin I, the major phosphoprotein on the membrane of small synaptic vesicles, and brain spectrin. Using recombinant peptides we have localized the synapsin I attachment site upon the beta-spectrin isoform betaSpIISigmaI to a region of 25 amino acids, residues 211 through 235. This segment is adjacent to the actin(More)
Regulated membrane trafficking of AMPA-type glutamate receptors (AMPARs) is a key mechanism underlying synaptic plasticity, yet the pathways used by AMPARs are not well understood. In this paper, we show that the AMPAR subunit GLR-1 in Caenorhabditis elegans utilizes the retrograde transport pathway to regulate AMPAR synaptic abundance. Mutants for rab-6.2,(More)
DNA mismatch repair (MMR) deficiency leads to an increased mutation frequency and a predisposition to neoplasia. 'Knockout' mice deficient in the MMR proteins Msh2 and Pms2 crossed with mutation detection reporter (supF, lacI and cII) transgenic mice have been used to facilitate a comparison of the changes in mutation frequency and spectra. We find that the(More)
Human beta-globin disorders, such as sickle cell anemia and beta-thalassemia, are relatively common genetic diseases cause by mutations in the beta-globin gene. Increasing gamma-globin gene expression has been found to greatly reduce the disease symptom. However, the gamma-globin gene is developmentally regulated and normally expressed at high levels only(More)
Background/Objectives:Nutritional risk screening (NRS-2002) and routine clinical laboratory measurements (RCLMs) had been shown to have a predictive value in adverse outcomes in some studies, respectively. This study analyzed the association between NRS-2002 and RCLMs and estimated their prospective value in predicting adverse outcomes.Subjects/Methods:A(More)
The reactivity of malondialdehyde(MDA) with spermidine at the physiological pH was considerably higher than that with putrescine, glycine, lysine, methylamine or dimethylamine, and the major reaction product of MDA-spermidine adduct was identified as N4-(2-propenal)spermidine.
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