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Direct interactions of phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2) with inwardly rectifying potassium channels are stronger with channels rendered constitutively active by binding to PtdIns(4,5)P2, such as IRK1, than with G-protein-gated channels (GIRKs). As a result, PtdIns(4,5)P2 alone can activate IRK1 but not GIRKs, which require extra gating(More)
We have generated RANK (receptor activator of NF-kappaB) nullizygous mice to determine the molecular genetic interactions between osteoprotegerin, osteoprotegerin ligand, and RANK during bone resorption and remodeling processes. RANK(-/-) mice lack osteoclasts and have a profound defect in bone resorption and remodeling and in the development of the(More)
BACKGROUND To determine potential mechanisms of the transition from hypertrophy to very early failure, we examined apoptosis in a model of ascending aortic stenosis (AS) in male FVB/n mice. METHODS AND RESULTS Compared with age-matched controls, 4-week and 7-week AS animals (n=12 to 16 per group) had increased ratios of left ventricular weight to body(More)
Acid phosphatase is believed to be important for phosphorus scavenging and remobilization in plants, but its role in plant adaptation to low phosphorus availability has not been critically evaluated. To address this issue, we compared acid phosphatase activity (APA) in leaves of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in a phosphorus-inefficient genotype (DOR364),(More)
Hepatocyte transplantation is considered to be an alternative to orthotopic liver transplantation. Cells can be used to bridge patients waiting for a donor organ, decrease mortality in acute liver failure, and support metabolic liver diseases. The limited availability of primary human hepatocytes for such applications has led to the generation of(More)
The mammalian pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC) plays central and strategic roles in the control of the use of glucose-linked substrates as sources of oxidative energy or as precursors in the biosynthesis of fatty acids. The activity of this mitochondrial complex is regulated by the continuous operation of competing pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK)(More)
OBJECTIVES High mobility group protein2 (HMGA2) and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition are both related to progress of bladder cancer, however, the relationship between HMGA2, E-cadherin and vimentin in bladder cancer is not yet known. Thus, this study has examined expression of HMGA2, E-cadherin and vimentin in bladder cancer and investigated their(More)
Salt stress is a major abiotic stress that limits agricultural productivity in many regions of the world. To understand the molecular basis of the salt stress response in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), a proteomic approach was used to identify the salt stress-responsive proteins in an elite Chinese wheat cultivar, Zhengmai 9023, which exhibits a high yield,(More)
Obese, diabetic C57BL/Ks db/db mice that lack the long-form leptin receptor exhibit no decrease in body weight or food intake when treated with leptin. Here we compared responses to leptin in two strains of db/db mice: C57BL/6J mice that are hyperglycemic and hyperinsulinemic and C57BL/Ks that are hyperglycemic and normo- or hypoinsulinemic. Chronic(More)
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) F4ab and F4ac are major determinants of piglet diarrhoea. The locus for the ETEC F4ab/ac receptor has been mapped to SSC13q41. MUC13 is a transmembrane mucin expressed predominantly in the epithelial surface of the gastrointestinal tract and the MUC13 gene was assigned to SSC13q41, supporting it as a positional(More)