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In the present study, it was investigated whether the degranulation of mast cells and histamine release were involved in rat pain-related behaviors and edema induced by the venom of scorpion Buthus martensi Karch (BmK) or not. It was found that the obvious degranulation of mast cells could be triggered in rat hindpaw skin by BmK venom. The chronic(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Asian scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch (BmK) is widely used to treat neurological symptoms, especially chronic pain, in traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years. BmK AS, a polypeptide from BmK venom, could produce peripheral potent anti-nociceptive effects in rats. In the present study, spinal anti-nociceptive effects of BmK AS(More)
The central anti-nociception of BmK IT2, a sodium channel modulator from scorpion Buthus martensi Karsh (BmK) was investigated in this study. It was found that the formalin-induced rat spontaneous flinches and spinal c-Fos expression could be significantly suppressed by intrathecal BmK IT2 pre- or post-formalin injection in a dose-dependent manner. The time(More)
In the present study, BmK alphaIV, a novel modulator of sodium channels, was cloned from venomous glands of the Chinese scorpion (Buthus martensi Karsch) and expressed successfully in Escherichia coli. The BmK alphaIV gene is composed of two exons separated by a 503 bp intron. The mature polypeptide contains 66 amino acids. BmK alphaIV has potent toxicity(More)
It has been demonstrated that spontaneous nociceptive behaviors, cutaneous hyperalgesia and paw edema can be induced by intraplantar injection of scorpion Buthus martensi Karch (BmK) venom in rats. In the present study, activation of spinal extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway and its contribution to pain-related responses induced(More)
In the present study, the intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) in acutely isolated rat dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons modulated by loureirin B, an active component of "dragon's blood" which is a kind of Chinese herbal medicine, was determined by the means of Fura-2 based microfluorimetry. It was found that loureirin B could evoke the(More)
The present study investigated the involvement of spinal glutamate receptors in the induction and maintenance of the pain-related behaviors induced by the venom of scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch (BmK). (5R,10S)-(+)-5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]-cyclohepten-5-10-imine hydrogen maleate (MK-801; 40nmol; a non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonist),(More)
The integrated mechanisms of dynamic signaling of sodium channels involved in clinical pain are still not yet clear. In this study, a new rat inflammatory pain model was developed by using the unilateral intraplantar injection of BmK I, a receptor site 3-specific modulator of sodium channels from the venom of scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch (BmK). It was(More)
This study showed that rat unilateral intracerebroventricular injection of BmK alphaIV, a sodium channel modulator derived from scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch, induced clusters of spikes, epileptic discharges and convulsion-related behavioral changes. BmK alphaIV potently promoted the release of endogenous glutamate from rat cerebrocortical synaptosomes.(More)