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OBJECTIVES In chronic liver injury, angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing ones, may contribute to progressive hepatic fibrosis and to development of hepatocellular carcinoma. Although hypoxia-induced expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) occurs in advanced fibrosis, we hypothesised that inflammation may endorse(More)
Vitamin A (VA) is important for postnatal brain development, and VA deficiency (VAD) can cause learning and spatial memory deficits in rats. Most of the biological functions of VA are mediated by retinoic acid (RA). To investigate the mechanisms underlying VA deficits, mother rats were fed elemental diets to achieve blood VA levels classified as normal,(More)
UNLABELLED Macrophages constitute a major proinflammatory component during chronic liver diseases and are considered a key factor in promoting hepatic fibrosis. However, there is increasing evidence that distinct monocyte and macrophage subsets exert critical functions in regression from organ fibrosis as well. Experimental mouse models of fibrosis(More)
Lactoferrin is a major constituent of polymorphonuclear leukocyte granules and is present in mature neutrophils but not in blasts or promyelocytes. We have isolated a cDNA probe for lactoferrin and used it to study the synthesis of lactoferrin mRNA by normal and leukemic granulocyte precursors. The probe pHL-41 has been subcloned in phage m13 and(More)
The Bayesian network (BN) is a knowledge representation form, which has been proven to be valuable in the gene regulatory network reconstruction because of its capability of capturing causal relationships between genes. Learning BN structures from a database is a nondeterministic polynomial time (NP)-hard problem that remains one of the most exciting(More)
A 13.8-kb fragment of human DNA isolated from a human lambda Charon-4A DNA library was found to contain four human tRNA genes. Nucleotide sequence analysis of approx. 3.7 kb of this segment of human DNA identified two lysine tRNA(UUU) genes identical in coding sequence to a previously reported human lysine tRNA gene [Roy et al., Nucl. Acids Res. 10 (1982)(More)
Retinoic acid (RA), which is an important modulator of brain development, neural cell proliferation, neurite outgrowth, and synaptic plasticity, is regulated via changes in RA receptors. The pattern of RA receptor changes in the rat cerebral cortex and white matter during postnatal development has not been extensively studied. Therefore, we studied the mRNA(More)
The effect of dorsal raphe nucleus (DR) stimulation on the unit discharge of suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) neurons was studied and analyzed pharmacologically in the Wistar rats. Experimental results showed that DR stimulation could significantly inhibit the light-induced discharge of SCN neurons. Pharmacologically, this inhibition could be enhanced by(More)