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Modulation of GABA function following 1 week oral administration of flurazepam (FZP) was investigated in chloride-loaded, rat hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons. Rats were sacrificed 2 or 7 days after ending drug treatment, when anticonvulsant tolerance was present or absent in vivo, respectively. Spontaneous (s)IPSCs and miniature (m)IPSCs were recorded(More)
Oral administration of the benzodiazepine, flurazepam, for one week results in tolerance in vivo and in vitro and in a reduction in recurrent and feedforward inhibition in vitro in the CA1 pyramidal cell region of hippocampus. In the present study CA1 pyramidal cells were examined intracellularly in vitro in rat hippocampal slices (500 microns) from rats(More)
One week oral flurazepam (FZP) administration in rats results in anticonvulsant tolerance in vivo, tolerance measured in vitro in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal cells, and regulation of hippocampal gamma-aminobutyric acid(A)-receptor subunit protein expression. A single injection (4 or 20 mg/kg i.p) of the benzodiazepine antagonist flumazenil (FLM) was given 1(More)
Prolonged flurazepam exposure regulates the expression of selected (alpha1, beta2, beta3) GABA(A) receptor subunit messenger RNAs in specific regions of the hippocampus and cortex with a time-course consistent with benzodiazepine tolerance both in vivo and in vitro. In this report, the immunostaining density of six specific GABA(A) receptor subunit (alpha1,(More)
Chronic flurazepam treatment substantially impairs the function of GABAergic synapses on hippocampal CA1 pyramidal cells. Previous findings included a significant decrease in the synaptic and unitary conductance of CA1 pyramidal neuron GABA(A) receptor channels and the appearance of a GABA(A)-receptor mediated depolarizing potential. To investigate the(More)
To determine necessity and timing of booster of hepatitis B vaccine, we need to observe the duration of its protection. We report the results of a 15-year follow-up of a cohort of 649 children who participated a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trial on a plasma-derived hepatitis B vaccine in 1982. During the 15 years after vaccination, more(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the prevalence of dental erosion and associated factors in preschool children in Guangxi and Hubei provinces of China. METHODS Dental examinations were carried out on 1949 children aged 3-5 years. Measurement of erosion was confined to primary maxillary incisors. The erosion index used was based upon the 1993 UK National Survey of(More)
One-week treatment with the benzodiazepine (BZ) flurazepam (FZP), results in anticonvulsant tolerance, associated with reduced GABAA receptor (GABAR) subunit protein and miniature inhibitory post-synaptic current (mIPSC) amplitude in CA1 neurons of rat hippocampus. Because protein kinase A (PKA) has been shown to modulate GABAR function in CA1 pyramidal(More)
The strength of feedforward inhibition was assessed in the CA1 region of in vitro hippocampus of benzodiazepine tolerant rats 2 and 7 days after 1 week oral flurazepam (FZP) administration. Feedforward inhibition was activated with a Schaffer collateral stimulation just-subthreshold for a population spike followed at intervals of 10-100 ms by test(More)
GABAergic synaptic responses were studied by direct, monosynaptic activation of GABAergic interneurons in the CA1 region of in vitro hippocampal slices from rats made tolerant to the benzodiazepine, flurazepam. Monosynaptic IPSPs were elicited in CA1 pyramidal neurons, following 1 week oral flurazepam administration, by electrical stimulation at the stratum(More)