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In a double-blind study the efficacy and tolerability of tizanidine was compared with those of carbamazepine in the management of trigeminal neuralgia. Six patients were allocated to treatment with tizanidine and six to carbamazepine. After individual titration the maximum daily doses were 18 mg and 900 mg, respectively. Among the efficacy factors used, the(More)
To investigate whether the novel, potent and highly selective 5-hydroxytryptamine3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonist ICS 205-930 can prevent migraine attacks, we conducted simultaneously two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre, international trials, involving a total of 204 patients, suffering from classic or common migraine. Both trials had(More)
  • X Lataste
  • 1984
The recognition of the dopaminergic properties of some ergot derivatives has initiated new therapeutical approaches in endocrinology as well as in neurology. The pharmacological characterization of the different ergot derivatives during the last decade has largely improved our understanding of central dopaminergic systems. Their development has yielded(More)
The effect of stimulation of cerebral dopamine D-1 receptors by CY 208-243 on motor disability was tested in MPTP-treated parkinsonian marmosets and patients with Parkinson's disease. CY 208-243 (0.5-1.25 mg/kg s.c.) produced a dose-related reversal of akinesia and rigidity in the marmosets, lasting some 2 h. Single morning doses of CY 208-243 (5-40 mg)(More)
A selective dopamine D1-receptor agonist, CY 208-243, was administered to 23 de novo patients who had had Parkinson disease (PD) for less than or equal to 3 months. The drug was first used as monotherapy and then in some patients in combination with a dopamine D2-receptor agonist, bromocriptine. Results showed that CY 208-243 exerted a mild antiparkinsonian(More)
The therapeutic profile of a new antispastic drug cannot be defined solely on the basis of placebo-controlled studies. Its potential advantages must be evaluated in comparison with existing drugs. This review compares the efficacy and tolerability of tizanidine, a newer muscle relaxant, with that of baclofen and diazepam, the most widely used antispastic(More)
Calcium-related mechanisms are an integral part of metabolic reactions during acute cerebral infarction. In an animal model of stroke, the calcium antagonist isradipine was shown to protect neurons against ischaemia. In order to improve the neurological and functional outcome of human stroke patients, a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled(More)
The work presented was initiated in order to evaluate the biological and clinical tolerance of the isotonic saline solution (9 p. mille) usually used in neuro-surgery directly in contact with the nervous tissue in comparison with a new solution proposed as a a mock cerebrospinal fluid. Clinically, two patient' populations including 75 patients each, were(More)
41 patients suffering from moderate to severe pain were included in a multicentric double-blind study comparing 100 mg 4-(p-fluorophenyl)-1-isopropyl-7-methyl-2(1H)-quinazolinone (fluproquazone) to 250 mg mefenamic acid during a three-day period. Both medications produced a clinically highly relevant analgesic effect in the patient population considered.(More)
CQA 206-291, a new D2 dopamine receptor agonist with a biphasic dopaminergic profile, was given to six patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease after overnight drug withdrawal. With incremental single oral doses of CQA, a dose-related, clinically significant, and prolonged antiparkinsonian effect was observed. Most subjects experienced drowsiness after(More)