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Williams syndrome (WS) is generally characterized by mental deficiency, gregarious personality, dysmorphic facies, supravalvular aortic stenosis, and idiopathic infantile hypercalcemia. Patients with WS show allelic loss of elastin (ELN), exhibiting a submicroscopic deletion, at 7q11.23, detectable by FISH. Hemizygosity is likely the cause of vascular(More)
To evaluate the effects of intensive rehabilitation on the functional outcome in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), we carried out a randomized controlled assessor-blind trial, comparing two groups of patients receiving different intensities of rehabilitation treatment (2 versus 4 h per day). Patients with moderate and severe TBI, aged from 12 to(More)
Prostate cancer mortality results from metastasis to bone and hormone-independent tumor growth. Models to study these progressive changes are lacking. Here we describe the propagation of advanced human prostate cancer by direct transfer of surgical samples from patients into immune-deficient male SCID mice. Explants from six of eight patients formed(More)
One of the most common chromosomal abnormalities in prostate cancer involves loss of 10q22-qter. Rarely, a smaller deletion, involving 10q24-q25, has been observed, suggesting the presence of a tumor suppressor gene at this site. We previously demonstrated that the MXI1 gene maps to 10q24-q25 and is mutated in some tumors with cytogenetically detectable(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the frequency of pseudoprogression of glioblastoma in Chinese patients receiving concomitant chemoradiotherapy and investigate its association with pseudoprogression and tumour molecular marker O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase promoter methylation status. DESIGN Case series with internal comparisons. SETTING University(More)
BACKGROUND Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an effective but costly treatment for patients with advanced Parkinson disease (PD). This study examined the cost-effectiveness of DBS in relation to its improved effectiveness to help funding decision makers decide whether the treatment should be adopted. The incremental cost-effective ratio (ICER) per(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a common genetic disorder characterized primarily by the development of multiple neurofibromas and pigmentary changes. The recent identification of contiguous gene deletions in NF1, a previously unrecognized molecular basis for this disorder, raises important questions regarding deletion frequency in the patient population(More)
Using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), we have identified seven NF1-related loci, two separate loci on chromosome 2, at bands 2q21 and 2q33-q34, and one locus each on five other chromosomes at bands 14q11.2, 15q11.2, 18p11.2, 21q11.2-q21, and 22q11.2. Application of PCR using NF1 primer pairs and genomic DNA from somatic cell hybrids confirmed the(More)
BACKGROUND Cytogenetic, molecular cytogenetic, and molecular studies of prostate cancer have revealed an enormous amount of data regarding chromosomal loci that are aberrant in prostate tumors. METHODS These data have been compared and condensed in this review to determine which chromosomes and chromosome sites have been most frequently reported. (More)
Identification of kisspeptin (Kiss1) and its G protein-coupled receptor 54 (Kiss1r) as an essential component of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis controlling gonadotrophin secretion raises the possibility that kisspeptin-Kiss1r signalling may play a critical role in the transduction of stress-induced suppression of reproduction. We examined the(More)