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Activity of voltage-gated K+ channels (KV) in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMC) is pivotal in controlling membrane potential, cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]cyt, and pulmonary vasomotor tone. Acute hypoxia selectively inhibits KV channels, depolarizes PASMC, raises [Ca2+]cyt, and causes pulmonary vasoconstriction and vascular(More)
K(+)-channel activity-mediated alteration of the membrane potential and cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]cyt) is a pivotal mechanism in controlling pulmonary vasomotor tone. By using combined approaches of patch clamp, imaging fluorescent microscopy, and molecular biology, we examined the electrophysiological properties of K+ channels and the role(More)
Free radicals react with nitrones to form stable nitroxides which can be identified by ESR spectroscopy. Unfortunately, little is known regarding the pharmacological properties of these compounds. In this study, three commonly used nitrones, 5,5-dimethylpyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO), alpha-phenyl-tert-butylnitrone (PBN), and alpha-(4-pyridyl(More)
The membrane potential (Em) of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) regulates pulmonary arterial tone by controlling voltage-gated Ca2+ channel activity, which is a major contributor to [Ca2+]i. The resting membrane is mainly permeable to K+; thus, the resting Em is controlled by K+ permeability through sarcolemmal K+ channels. At least three K+(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a potent endothelium-derived pulmonary vasodilator. Serotonin (5-HT; 10-50 microM) constricts pulmonary artery (PA) by releasing Ca2+ from intracellular stores and promoting Ca2+ influx through Ca2+ channels in PA smooth muscle cells (PASMC). The effect of NO on 5-HT-induced increase in cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in rat(More)
To explore possible mechanisms underlying hypoxia-induced pulmonary vasoconstriction, the effect of hypoxia on outward K+ current (Iout) was evaluated in primary cultured rat pulmonary (PA) and mesenteric (MA) arterial smooth muscle cells using the whole cell patch-clamp technique. When the cells were bathed in standard physiological salt solution and the(More)
PTEN is a tumor suppressor gene mutated in human cancers. Although many mutations target the phosphatase domain, others create a truncated protein lacking the C-terminal PDZ-binding motif or a protein that extends beyond the PDZ-binding motif. Using the yeast two-hybrid system, we isolated a membrane-associated guanylate kinase family protein with multiple(More)
The electrophysiological properties of cultured single vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells from rat pulmonary (PA) and mesenteric (MA) arteries were studied using the whole cell patch-clamp technique. Cells were studied at 3-7 days as primary cultures, or were replated after 10-20 days and subcultured for 2-5 days. In the standard physiological bath solution(More)
  • X J Yuan
  • 1997
Many agonists induce vasoconstriction by releasing intracellularly stored Ca2+ and promoting Ca2+ influx. Activation of Ca(2+)-activated Cl- (ClCa) channels may be a critical mechanism by which a rise in intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) causes membrane depolarization that serves to sustain the elevated [Ca2+]i and maintain vascular tone. In(More)