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Activity of voltage-gated K+ channels (KV) in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMC) is pivotal in controlling membrane potential, cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]cyt, and pulmonary vasomotor tone. Acute hypoxia selectively inhibits KV channels, depolarizes PASMC, raises [Ca2+]cyt, and causes pulmonary vasoconstriction and vascular(More)
K(+)-channel activity-mediated alteration of the membrane potential and cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]cyt) is a pivotal mechanism in controlling pulmonary vasomotor tone. By using combined approaches of patch clamp, imaging fluorescent microscopy, and molecular biology, we examined the electrophysiological properties of K+ channels and the role(More)
The membrane potential (Em) of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) regulates pulmonary arterial tone by controlling voltage-gated Ca2+ channel activity, which is a major contributor to [Ca2+]i. The resting membrane is mainly permeable to K+; thus, the resting Em is controlled by K+ permeability through sarcolemmal K+ channels. At least three K+(More)
The segment of rat chromosome 20 (RNO20p12) that contains the classical loci of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC; RT1.A-RT1.E) also contains genes affecting growth, reproduction and susceptibility to chemical carcinogens (the Grc) and multiple genes encoding class I MHC antigens (the EC region). The relative positions of the MHC, Grc, and EC region(More)
Endogenous nitric oxide (NO) may contribute to the maintenance of normal pulmonary vasomotor tone, and inhaled NO is used to treat patients with pulmonary hypertension. Because pulmonary vascular tone is regulated by intracellular free Ca2+ concentration and membrane potential, which are controlled by the K+ channel activity in pulmonary artery (PA) smooth(More)
PTEN is a tumor suppressor gene mutated in human cancers. Although many mutations target the phosphatase domain, others create a truncated protein lacking the C-terminal PDZ-binding motif or a protein that extends beyond the PDZ-binding motif. Using the yeast two-hybrid system, we isolated a membrane-associated guanylate kinase family protein with multiple(More)
Free radicals react with nitrones to form stable nitroxides which can be identified by ESR spectroscopy. Unfortunately, little is known regarding the pharmacological properties of these compounds. In this study, three commonly used nitrones, 5,5-dimethylpyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO), alpha-phenyl-tert-butylnitrone (PBN), and alpha-(4-pyridyl(More)
To explore possible mechanisms underlying hypoxia-induced pulmonary vasoconstriction, the effect of hypoxia on outward K+ current (Iout) was evaluated in primary cultured rat pulmonary (PA) and mesenteric (MA) arterial smooth muscle cells using the whole cell patch-clamp technique. When the cells were bathed in standard physiological salt solution and the(More)
Cytochrome P-450 (P-450) is a NADPH-requiring and O2-dependent monooxygenase system. It is present in lung and has been postulated to act as an O2 sensor in hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction. To determine whether P-450 is involved in the regulation of voltage-gated K+ (KV) channel activity in pulmonary artery (PA) myocytes, we used the whole cell(More)