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Although there is growing interest in finding mouse models of human disease, no technique for quickly and quantitatively determining anatomical mutants currently exists. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is ideally suited to probe fine structures in mice. This technology is three-dimensional, non-destructive and rapid compared to histopathology; hence MRI(More)
With the enormous and growing number of experimental and genetic mouse models of human disease, there is a need for efficient means of characterizing abnormalities in mouse anatomy and physiology. Adaptation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to the scale of the mouse promises to address this challenge and make major contributions to biomedical research by(More)
High-frequency ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) has recently emerged as a high-resolution means of phenotyping genetically altered mice and has great potential to evaluate the cardiac morphology and hemodynamics of mouse mutants. However, there is no standard procedure of in vivo transthoracic cardiac imaging using UBM to comprehensively phenotype the adult(More)
Impaired cognitive, memory, or motor performance is a distinguishing characteristic of neurological diseases. Although these symptoms are frequently the most evident in human patients, additional markers of disease are critical for proper diagnosis and staging. Noninvasive neuroimaging methods have become essential in this capacity and provide means of(More)
Mouse models are crucial for the study of genetic factors and processes that influence human disease. In addition to tools for measuring genetic expression and establishing genotype, tools to accurately and comparatively assess mouse phenotype are essential in order to characterize pathology and make comparisons with human disease. MRI provides a powerful(More)
The field of mouse phenotyping with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is rapidly growing, with both MRI physicists and biologists starting to use MRI to identify mouse models of human disease. The purpose of this chapter is to provide details of the animal handling necessary for routine and robust in vivo imaging with particular emphasis on multiple-mouse(More)
The search for new mouse models of human disease requires a sensitive metric to make three-dimensional (3D) anatomical comparisons in a rapid and quantifiable manner. This is especially true in the brain, where changes in complex shapes such as the hippocampus and ventricles are difficult to assess with 2D histology. Here, we report that the 3D neuroanatomy(More)
Dominant mutations in the T-box transcription factor gene TBX5 cause Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS), an inherited human disease characterized by upper limb malformations and congenital heart defects (CHDs) of variable severity. We hypothesize that minor alterations in the dosage of Tbx5 directly influences severity of CHDs. Using a mouse allelic series, we show a(More)
PURPOSE To access the feasibility of using cultivated oral mucosal epithelial cell transplantation (COMET) for the management of severe corneal burn. METHODS COMET was performed to promote re-epithelialization in two eyes with acute alkaline burn and one eye with chronic alkaline burn, and to reconstruct the ocular surface in two eyes with chronic thermal(More)
We have examined the effects of changing extracellular pH on the function of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors from Torpedo californica using ion flux and electrophysiological methods. Agonist-induced cation efflux from vesicles containing purified, reconstituted receptors showed a monotonic dependence on external hydrogen ion concentration with maximal(More)