X. Josette Chen

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Although there is growing interest in finding mouse models of human disease, no technique for quickly and quantitatively determining anatomical mutants currently exists. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is ideally suited to probe fine structures in mice. This technology is three-dimensional, non-destructive and rapid compared to histopathology; hence MRI(More)
Dominant mutations in the T-box transcription factor gene TBX5 cause Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS), an inherited human disease characterized by upper limb malformations and congenital heart defects (CHDs) of variable severity. We hypothesize that minor alterations in the dosage of Tbx5 directly influences severity of CHDs. Using a mouse allelic series, we show a(More)
High-frequency ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) has recently emerged as a high-resolution means of phenotyping genetically altered mice and has great potential to evaluate the cardiac morphology and hemodynamics of mouse mutants. However, there is no standard procedure of in vivo transthoracic cardiac imaging using UBM to comprehensively phenotype the adult(More)
Mouse models are crucial for the study of genetic factors and processes that influence human disease. In addition to tools for measuring genetic expression and establishing genotype, tools to accurately and comparatively assess mouse phenotype are essential in order to characterize pathology and make comparisons with human disease. MRI provides a powerful(More)
The search for new mouse models of human disease requires a sensitive metric to make three-dimensional (3D) anatomical comparisons in a rapid and quantifiable manner. This is especially true in the brain, where changes in complex shapes such as the hippocampus and ventricles are difficult to assess with 2D histology. Here, we report that the 3D neuroanatomy(More)
With the enormous and growing number of experimental and genetic mouse models of human disease, there is a need for efficient means of characterizing abnormalities in mouse anatomy and physiology. Adaptation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to the scale of the mouse promises to address this challenge and make major contributions to biomedical research by(More)
Impaired cognitive, memory, or motor performance is a distinguishing characteristic of neurological diseases. Although these symptoms are frequently the most evident in human patients, additional markers of disease are critical for proper diagnosis and staging. Noninvasive neuroimaging methods have become essential in this capacity and provide means of(More)
We describe a novel technique to perform whole-body perfusion fixation in mice with specific relevance to micro-imaging. With the guidance of high-frequency ultrasound imaging, we were able to perfuse fixative and contrast agents via a catheter inserted into the left ventricle, and therefore preserved the integrity of the chest and abdominal cavity. In this(More)
This paper presents a novel method for creating an unbiased and geometrically centered average from a group of images. The morphological variability of the group is modeled as a set of deformation fields which encode differences between the group average and individual members. We demonstrate the algorithm on a group of 27 MR images of mouse brains. The(More)
The use of mice to study models of human disease has resulted in a surge of interest in developing mouse MRI. The ability to take 3D, high-resolution images of live mice allows significant insight into anatomy and function. However, with imaging times on the order of hours, high throughput of specimens has been problematic. To facilitate high throughput,(More)