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Apoptosis is responsible for primordial germ cell (PGC) attrition in the developing fetal ovary. In monolayer cultures of murine PGC, stem cell factor (SCF) and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) independently promote survival in vitro; however, the relevance of these data to fetal ovarian oogonium and oocyte survival, as well as the intracellular events(More)
The regulation of apoptosis in the syncytiotrophoblast is of particular interest because this is the only true syncytial epithelium in human cell biology. Nuclei characteristic of apoptotic cells have been localized to this syncytium especially in association with fibrin-containing fibrinoid deposits. The factors responsible for regulating cell death-like(More)
The purpose of this study was to validate the suitability of the severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mouse as an experimental model for endometriosis, by defining the morphological and histological features of induced endometrial implants, and characterizing specific biochemical properties of these implants. Human secretory endometrial tissues were(More)
Glandular epithelial cells of the human endometrium initiate apoptosis in the secretory phase of the cycle. To better understand the regulation of apoptosis in this paradigm of endocrine-regulated cell turnover, we studied the expression of the cell death regulatory genes, bax, bcl-2, and bcl-x, in human proliferative and secretory endometria relative to(More)
Recent data support a role for apoptosis, under tight regulatory control by bcl-2, oxidative stress response, tumor suppressor, and CASP gene family members, in mediating granulosa cell demise during follicular atresia in the rodent and avian ovary. Herein we evaluated the occurrence of apoptosis in the human and baboon ovary relative to follicular health(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates that fragmentation of ovulated murine oocytes, resulting spontaneously or following exposure to lethal stimuli such as anticancer drugs during in-vitro culture, occurs with several hallmark features of apoptosis. However, recent work has failed to demonstrate a correlation between DNA cleavage, as assessed by DNA(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the gene expression of complement component 3 (C3) in human eutopic and ectopic endometrium. DESIGN A prospective, controlled study. SETTING Academic hospital. PATIENT(S) Women with documented endometriosis. INTERVENTION(S) Eutopic and ectopic endometrial tissues were collected simultaneously at laparoscopy. MAIN OUTCOME(More)
C3 production by the human endometrium has been previously described. The objective of the current study was to localize the site of expression and regulation of the third component of complement, C3, in the endometrium. Eight secretory and eight proliferative archival endometrial samples from hysterectomy and endometrial biopsy specimens were used for in(More)
alpha-2 macroglobulin (A2M) is a 718,000-kDA broad spectrum plasma protease inhibitor whose production by the human endometrium was recently reported. The multifunctional A2M receptor, also known as low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein, was also recently immunolocalized to the endometrial stroma. The objective of this study was to further(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the distribution of BAK (BCL-2 homologous antagonist/killer) protein in the human endometrium relative to the occurrence of apoptosis. DESIGN A prospective, controlled study. SETTING An academic hospital. PATIENT(S) Premenopausal women with histologically normal endometrium who were undergoing hysterectomy and curettage. (More)