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Bcl-2 and related proteins are key regulators of apoptosis or programmed cell death implicated in human disease including cancer. We recently showed that cell-permeable Bcl-2 binding peptides could induce apoptosis of human myeloid leukemia in vitro and suppress its growth in severe combined immunodeficient mice. Here we report the discovery of HA14-1, a(More)
ProLuCID, a new algorithm for peptide identification using tandem mass spectrometry and protein sequence databases has been developed. This algorithm uses a three tier scoring scheme. First, a binomial probability is used as a preliminary scoring scheme to select candidate peptides. The binomial probability scores generated by ProLuCID minimize molecular(More)
Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms are discovered in an increasing variety of cell types with different roles in signaling. The inducible NOS (i.e. iNOS or NOS II) is expressed in cardiac myocytes in response to specific cytokines. Independent of iNOS induction, however, receptor-dependent signaling is modulated by a constitutive nitric oxide (NO)(More)
Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) was utilized for the structural determination and quantitative analysis of individual phospholipid molecular species from subpicomole amounts of human erythrocyte plasma membrane phospholipids. The sensitivity of ESI-MS was 2-3 orders of magnitude greater than that achievable with fast-atom bombardment mass(More)
Voltage-gated potassium channels control cardiac repolarization, and mutations of K+ channel genes recently have been shown to cause arrhythmias and sudden death in families with the congenital long QT syndrome. The precise mechanism by which the mutations lead to QT prolongation and arrhythmias is uncertain, however. We have shown previously that an(More)
Mechanisms associated with the progression of simple steatosis to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remain undefined. Regulatory T cells (T(regs)) play a critical role in regulating inflammatory processes in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and because T helper type 17 (Th17) functionally oppose T(reg)-mediated responses, this study focused on(More)
Neuregulins (i.e. neuregulin-1 (NRG1), also called neu differentiation factor, heregulin, glial growth factor, and acetylcholine receptor-inducing activity) are known to induce growth and differentiation of epithelial, glial, neuronal, and skeletal muscle cells. Unexpectedly, mice with loss of function mutations of NRG1 or of either of two of their cognate(More)
Neuronal nitric oxide synthase, the major nitric oxide synthase isoform in the mammalian brain, is implicated in some developmental processes, including neuronal survival, precursor proliferation and differentiation. However, reports about the role of neuronal nitric oxide synthase in neurogenesis in the adult dentate gyrus are conflicting. Here we show(More)
Cholinergic modulation of heart rate in isolated spontaneously beating single cells from the rabbit sino-atrial node was investigated by measuring transmembrane ionic currents using the nystatin-perforated patch whole-cell voltage-clamp technique. Carbamylcholine (CCh), a stable analogue of acetylcholine (ACh), significantly inhibited L-type calcium(More)
We recently have reported that suppression of the slowly inactivating component of the outward current, Islow, in ventricular myocytes of transgenic mice (long QT mice) overexpressing the N-terminal fragment and S1 segment of Kv1.1 resulted in a significant prolongation of action potential duration and the QT interval. Here we describe the detailed(More)