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Taurine is found in bone tissue, but its function in skeletal tissue is not fully understood. The present study was undertaken to investigate regulation of gene expression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), and the roles of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in murine osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells treated with taurine. Western blot analysis(More)
l-Carnitine (LC), an amino acid with a major role in cellular energy metabolism, has positive effects on bone metabolism. However, the effect of LC on apoptosis of osteoblast in vitro has not been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the action of LC on apoptosis of mouse osteoblastic cell line MC3T3-E1. Cell apoptosis was measured by(More)
Taurine influences bone metabolism and is taken up by cells via a specific transport system, the taurine transporter (TAUT). We report a link between taurine and bone homeostasis by demonstrating transcription and translation of TAUT in bone-forming cells. TAUT was expressed in human primary osteoblasts, the human osteosarcoma osteoblast-like cell line(More)
Omentin-1 inhibited osteoblast differentiation in vitro. In co-culture systems of osteoblasts and osteoclast precursors, omentin-1 reduced osteoclast formation by stimulating osteoprotegerin (OPG) and inhibiting receptor activator for nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL) production in osteoblasts. In vivo, adenovirus-mediated overexpression of omentin-1(More)
Visfatin (also known as pre-B cell colony-enhancing factor or PBEF) is a novel adipocytokine that is highly expressed in visceral fat and upregulated in obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Visfatin binds to and activates the insulin receptor (IR), thereby exerting insulin-mimetic effects in various cell lines. IR has been detected in osteoblasts, which is(More)
Transforming growth factors-beta (TGF-b1, -b2, and -b3) is secreted from osteoblasts and act as an anabolic factor through its influence of osteoblast proliferation and differentiation and on the synthesis of bone matrix. The ability of progestins to promote bone formation is attributed to their ability to act upon osteoblasts. In the present studies, we(More)
We investigated the action of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) on apoptosis and differentiation of mouse bone marrow stromal cell line MBA-1. TIMP-1 did not affect alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, suggesting that it is not involved in osteoblastic differentiation in MBA-1 cells. However, TIMP-1 inhibited MBA-1 apoptosis induced by serum(More)
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) plays an essential role in the regulation of bone metabolism. Here we report that recombinant tissue metalloproteinase inhibitor-3 (TIMP-3) protein induces the apoptosis of MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts. Cell apoptosis was detected by sandwich-enzyme-immunoassay. Fas and Fasl protein levels were determined by Western(More)
Osteoblast-derived matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)–2, MMP–1 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)–1 have been shown to play a role in bone metabolism by degrading the bone matrix. The present study was performed to investigate the relationships between serum MMP–2, MMP–1, or TIMP–1 levels and bone mineral density (BMD), as well as bone biochemical(More)
The relationship between the levels of gonadotropic hormones and bone metabolism in Chinese adult women is unclear. Our research shows that a significant positive correlation exists between the levels of gonadotropic hormones and various bone turnover indicators. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) has been found to have a greater influence on all types of(More)