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Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions This discussion paper is/has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP if available. Abstract A detailed study on atmospheric mercury emissions from municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills in China is necessary to understand(More)
Catecholamines play an important role in the development of cardiac hypertrophy. To observe cardiomyocyte-specific gene expression changes induced by catecholamines in vivo, left ventricular cardiomyocytes were isolated from male Sprague-Dawley rats after continuous infusion of norepinephrine (NE; 0.2 mg/kg per hour intravenously) for 0.5, 1, 2, 3 and 7(More)
— In this paper, we examine the problem of optimal state estimation or filtering in stochastic systems using an approach based on information theoretic measures. In this setting, the traditional minimum mean-square measure is compared with information theoretic measures, Kalman filtering theory is reexamined , and some new interpretations are offered. We(More)
Similarities inherent in natural images have been widely exploited for image denoising and other applications. In fact, if a cluster of similar image patches is rearranged into a matrix, similarities exist both between columns and rows. Using the similarities, we present a two-directional nonlocal (TDNL) variational model for image denoising. The solution(More)
Orientation flow field is the starting point for feature extraction in various fingerprint algorithms. In recent papers, Jain and his colleagues (Ratha et al., 1995, Karu and Jain, 1995, Ratha et al. 1996) introduced a fundamentally new algorithm. Their main motivation for the algorithm has been to work at the problems from a fingerprint matching point of(More)
We attempted to elucidate the impacts on and possible mechanisms by which glucose metabolism-related protein 1 (GMRP1) affects beta cell survival. Adenovirus-mediated GMRP1 overproduction and siRNA-mediated knockdown were performed in INS-1E cells and rat islets, after which cell proliferation or apoptosis were determined, and phosphorylation of Akt and(More)
In this paper, we study the stability of interval dynamical systems. A sufficient condition for the stability of a polytope of matrices, which is shown to be necessary and sufficient for a certain class of matrices, is obtained. The results developed can also be applied to the stability of a positive cone of matrices and sufficient conditions for the(More)
Macrophages play an important role during the development of steroid-induced osteonecrosis. Interleukin (IL)-4 administration helped reduce the infiltration of M1 phenotypic macrophages and maintain the activation of M2 phenotypic macrophages, resulting in restriction of inflammation and decrease in osteocyte apoptosis. The results indicated the therapeutic(More)