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Many plants accumulate proline in response to salt stress. Δ-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS) is the rate-limiting enzyme in proline biosynthesis in plants. Plasmid DNA (pCHF3-PvP5CS1 and pCHF3-PvP5CS2) containing the selectable neomycin phosphotransferase gene for kanamycin resistance and Phaseolus vulgaris P5CS (PvP5CS1 and PvP5CS2) cDNA was(More)
PURPOSE Oxidative damage to proteins, lipids, and DNA has been suggested to be a mechanism for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The retina is particularly susceptible to lipid peroxidation due to high concentrations of easily oxidized polyunsaturated fatty acids in the presence of abundant oxygen. One of the most toxic products of lipid peroxidation,(More)
The reactive aldehyde, 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), is a product of lipid peroxidation that can covalently modify and inactivate proteins. Previously, we reported increased HNE modification of select retinal proteins resolved by one-dimensional gel electrophoresis in aged Fisher 344 x Brown Norway rats (Louie, J.L., Kapphahn, R.J., Ferrington, D.A., 2002.(More)
PURPOSE To assess the thickness and surface area of porcine sclera. METHODS One hundred twenty-eight porcine globes were sectioned from the center of the cornea to the region of the optic nerve. Photographs of the sectioned sclera including a millimeter scale were taken. Photographic slides were projected onto blank paper, and the scleral silhouette was(More)
PURPOSE A growing understanding of the molecular events in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) has lead to targeted therapies for a select group of patients with advanced AMD. Development of therapies for the earlier stages requires further elucidation of disease mechanisms. In this study, a proteomics approach was used to identify proteins that had(More)
PURPOSE Biochemical analysis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) at distinct stages of the disease will help further understanding of the molecular events associated with disease progression. This study was conducted to determine the ability of a new grading system for eye bank eyes, the Minnesota Grading System (MGS), to discern distinct stages of(More)
PURPOSE Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of vision loss in individuals over the age of 65. Histopathological changes become evident in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), a monolayer that provides metabolic support for the overlying photoreceptors, even at the earliest stages of AMD that precede vision loss. In a previous global(More)
PURPOSE Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is characterized clinically by changes in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), formation of drusen between the RPE and the underlying vasculature, geographic atrophy, and choroidal neovascularization. Later clinical stages are accompanied by impaired central vision. A limited understanding of the molecular(More)
PURPOSE To compare the pharmacokinetics and tissue response between intravitreal and microcannulation injections into the suprachoroidal space using bevacizumab. METHODS Sixty-two pigs were studied. Either a pars plana intravitreal bevacizumab or a viscoelastic-enhanced microcannula suprachoroidal injection was performed with either 1.25 mg (group 1) or 3(More)