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This study was conducted to investigate the protective effects of sodium p-aminosalicylic acid (PAS-Na) on learning and memory via increasing the number of basal forebrain choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) neurons in manganese (Mn)-exposed rats. Male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into following groups: the normal control I, II, and III groups, the model(More)
BACKGROUND In the 7th tumor, node, metastasis (TNM) classification, T1 tumors with visceral pleural invasion (VPI) are upgraded to T2a. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prognostic impact of VPI among patients with NSCLC and to propose a method of incorporating VPI into T-status classification in future staging systems. METHODS A systematic(More)
AIM To investigate apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) as a prognostic indicator in primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) by analysing patient clinical characteristics and pretherapeutic diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). MATERIALS AND METHODS Clinical characteristics and pretherapeutic DWI were studied retrospectively in 28 patients receiving(More)
An animal ulcer model resembling human peptic ulcer elicited with neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) by different routes of administration, i.e., intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.), subcutaneous (s.c.) or intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections was newly established. MPTP given in multiple daily doses by either i.c.v., s.c. or i.p.(More)
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