Learn More
The InhA-related enoyl-ACP reductase, an enzyme involved in fatty acid synthesis, is one of the best validated targets for the development of anti-tubercular agents. However, the majority of isoniazid (INH)-resistant clinical strains are observed mainly due to the emergence of KatG mutants that do not form an INH-NAD adduct. Thus compounds that directly(More)
PURPOSE This randomized phase II study was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of paclitaxel with S-1 (PS) vs. S-1 in patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC). METHODS Eighty-two (82) patients were 1:1 randomly assigned to oral S-1 (daily for 2 weeks, every 4 weeks' cycle) or S-1 (daily for 2 weeks, every 4 weeks' cycle) plus paclitaxel (on(More)
Various malignant cancers have been found to contain a sub-population of stem cell-like tumour cells, or cancer stem cells (CSCs), however, culture methods for CSCs and the size of the fraction of CSCs in C6, which is a commonly used glioma cell line, remain controversial. In this study, we demonstrated that the C6 cell line contains a fraction of tumour(More)
Cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) has been shown to be coupled to phosphoinositide turnover in pancreatic acini as well as in a kind of neuroblastoma cell and a human embryonic cell line. Little is known, however, about its link with phosphatidylinositol breakdown in the brain. The brains (minus cerebella) from 1-2-day-old neonatal rats were enzymically(More)
BACKGROUND Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) constitute the insect innate immune defense system. AMP production is usually induced by microbes. However, mounting evidence links insect immune reaction to cold hardiness. OBJECTIVE We aimed at characterizing two attacins, MpAtt1 and MpAtt2, from the desert beetle Microdera punctipennis in Coleoptera and(More)
In the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with Bcr-Abl kinase inhibitors, the T315I gatekeeper mutant has emerged as resistant to all currently approved agents, such as imatinib, nilotinib and dasatinib, by discrupting important contact interactions between the inhibitors and the enzyme. To overcome this particular resistance, several different(More)
A new diterpene triepoxide, 16-hydroxytriptolide was isolated from the root and leaves of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook.f. 16-Hydroxytriptolide was obtained as white cluster crystal, mp 232-233.5 degrees C. Its molecular formula is C20H24O7. The structure and stereochemistry of 16-hydroxytriptolide was established as L2 on the basis of spectral data (IR, MS,(More)
The characteristics of L-arginine (L-Arg) transport in cultured aortic smooth muscle cells (SMC) of spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) and control WKY rats were studied and the effect of liposome as L-Arg carrier on the transport was investigated. The results showed that the L-Arg transport of SMC in SHR was obviously lower than that in WKY rats. Maximum(More)
Tripterygium wilfordii Hook f. has been used as a medicinal herb in traditional Chinese medicine and as an insecticide by the Chinese for hundreds of years. Recently, this plant has been used to treat cancer, rheumatic arthritis and various skin diseases in some Chinese clinics. It is of interest to note that Tripterygium also showed significant(More)