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In the present study, the hypothesis that sex-related differences in glutamate-evoked rat masseter muscle afferent discharge may result from estrogen-related modulation of peripheral N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor activity and/or expression was tested by examining afferent fiber discharge in response to masseter injection of NMDA and the expression of(More)
In the trigeminal ganglion (TG), satellite glial cells (SGCs) form a functional unit with neurons. It has been proposed that SGCs participate in regulating extracellular glutamate levels and that dysfunction of this SGC capacity can impact nociceptive transmission in craniofacial pain conditions. This study investigated whether SGCs release glutamate and(More)
Intramuscular injection of nerve growth factor (NGF) in healthy humans mimics some of the symptoms of myofascial temporomandibular disorders (M-TMD). We hypothesized that NGF induces a prolonged myofascial mechanical sensitization by increasing peripheral N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor expression, leading to an enhanced response of muscle nociceptors(More)
The temporalis muscle is a common source of pain in headache and chronic craniofacial pain conditions such as temporomandibular disorders, which have an increased prevalence in women. The characteristics of slowly conducting temporalis afferent fibers have not been investigated. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine the characteristics of(More)
The injection of 1.0 M glutamate into the masseter (jaw-closer) muscle results in a short period of muscle pain (5-10 min) and a prolonged period of mechanical sensitization (> 30 min). It is unclear, however, whether there is a temporal relationship between intramuscular glutamate concentration and either muscle pain or mechanical sensitization. In the(More)
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