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It has long been assumed that the C-terminal motif, NPXY, is the internalization signal for beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) and that the NPXY tyrosine (Tyr743 by APP751 numbering, Tyr682 in APP695) is required for APP endocytosis. To evaluate this tenet and to identify the specific amino acids subserving APP endocytosis, we mutated all tyrosines in the(More)
Two integral outer envelope GTPases, Toc34 and Toc86, are proposed to regulate the recognition and translocation of nuclear-encoded preproteins during the early stages of protein import into chloroplasts. Defining the precise roles of Toc86 and Toc34 has been complicated by the inability to distinguish their GTPase activities. Furthermore, the assignment of(More)
Acculturation increases the risk of smoking among Hispanic and Asian American adolescents, but the underlying mechanisms are not understood. This study examined associations between English language use and smoking among 4,167 Hispanic and 2,836 Asian American adolescents in California. Potential mediators were assessed, including access to cigarettes,(More)
1. To investigate the characteristics of efferent projections from the preoptic area for the control of non-shivering thermogenesis, we tested the effects of thermal or chemical stimulation, and transections of the preoptic area on the activity of interscapular brown adipose tissue in cold-acclimated and non-acclimated anaesthetized rats. 2. Electrical(More)
Many tsetse species (Diptera: Glossinidae) harbour two morphologically different intracellular endosymbiotic microorganisms associated with gut tissue: primary (P) and secondary (S) endosymbionts. The P-endosymbionts of tsetse (Wigglesworthia glossinidia) are sequestered in specialized epithelial cells, bacteriocytes, which form a structure (bacteriome) in(More)
BACKGROUND DMC1, the meiosis-specific eukaryotic homologue of bacterial recA, is required for completion of meiotic recombination and cell cycle progression past prophase. In a dmc1 mutant, double strand break recombination intermediates accumulate and cells arrest in prophase. We isolated genes which, when present at high copy numbers, suppress the meiotic(More)
We entered the 10th Annual PhysioNet/Computers in Cardiology Challenge to predict which intensive care patients would experience an acute hypotensive episode (AHE) using physiologic data prior to the occurrence of the AHE. An AHE was defined through mean arterial blood pressure (ABP). We took a pragmatic approach to the Challenge. We explored six basic(More)
Rodents are the unique species carrying duplicated angiotensin (Ang) type 1 (AT1) receptor genes, Agtr1a and Agtr1b. After separately generating Agtr1a and Agtr1b null mutant mice by gene targeting, we produced double mutant mice homozygous for both Agtr1a and Agtr1b null mutation (Agtr1a-/-; Agtr1b-/-) by mating the single gene mutants. Agtr1a-/-,(More)
The pharmacological action of salicylate cannot be explained by its inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX) activity. In this report, the effects of aspirin and sodium salicylate on COX-2 expressions in human umbilical vein endothelial cells and foreskin fibroblasts were evaluated. Aspirin and sodium salicylate at therapeutic concentrations equipotently blocked(More)
An understanding of K+ channel structure is a critical step in developing an appreciation of the function and regulation of these proteins. We have begun a biochemical analysis of the early steps in K+ channel formation following translation into endoplasmic reticulum membranes. In our experiments, a series of K+ channel subunit protein deletions were(More)