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STUDY DESIGN A stepwise discriminant analysis was used to define a spinal deformity score based on three-dimensional measurements by the Quantec spinal image system (raster stereophotograph). OBJECTIVE To provide functional classification of spinal deformity in patients with mild idiopathic scoliosis without using radiographs. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA(More)
The symmetry index (SI), as one of methods to evaluate gait pattern in patients with leg-length discrepancy (LLD), helps to estimate the acceptable range of inequality and to determine symmetry in the kinematic and kinetic data before and after a heel lift, although this parameter has a large standard deviation that undermines its accuracy. Thirty patients(More)
Forty normal children with a mean age of 9.1 years were investigated by using a Quantec Spinal Image System (QSIS). The QSIS uses computerized raster stereography technology to acquire three-dimensional measurements of back contour. Within a 95-percentile confidence interval (a) coronal-plane QSIS angles ranged from 0.05 to 2.36 degrees; (b)(More)
Fifteen patients with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy (CP) were monitored for a mean length of 9.5 years after they underwent staged operations and were evaluated by gait analysis, including joint motion in the sagittal plane and the ground reaction force (GRF) in three dimensions. Results showed an increased hip flexion (132%) at midstance, a reduction of(More)
The Quantec Spinal Imaging System (QSIS) is a raster stereography used to measure three-dimensional trunk images. The Q angle, a coronal plane measurement generated by the Quantec Spinal Imaging System (QSIS), was compared with the Cobb angle in assessment of scoliosis curve magnitude. One hundred forty-nine patients with idiopathic scoliosis were evaluated(More)
We introduce a new method with a motion-analysis system (MAS) to study the vertebral model in vitro. Compared with the currently most accurate technique, roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis (RSA), the difference between the RSA and the MAS is 0.12 degree +/- 1.64 degrees. An accuracy with an error of 0.08 degree +/- 1.15 degrees is determined by means(More)
An experimental model of induced scoliosis in New Zealand rabbits was studied to evaluate the effects of rib resection on the apical vertebra during distraction for scoliosis surgery. After concave distraction, three-dimensional rotations of the apical vertebra were measured using a motion analysis system, which included three cameras and six reflective(More)
Several studies have attempted to measure how well external markers track internal bone movement using pins drilled into the foot, but this is too invasive for the pediatric population. This study investigated how well a six segment foot model (6SFM) using external markers was able to measure bone movement in the foot compared to MRI measurements. The foot(More)
The Milwaukee Topographic Scanner (MTS) is a newly developed system, which utilizes laser technology to obtain three-dimensional topographic evaluation of the spine. The goal of this study was to determine the correlation of topographic measurements between MTS and Quantec Spinal Imaging System. Twelve parameters generated by the MTS and Quantec Spinal(More)
Quantec raster stereography has been recognized as an accurate and reliable tool for evaluating back contour and posterior truncal rotation in patients with scoliosis. In this prospective study, 35 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis underwent both spinal radiography and Quantec three-dimensional evaluation of their idiopathic scoliosis before and(More)