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Although prostate cancer (CaP) is the most frequently diagnosed malignant tumor in American men, the mechanisms underlying the development and progression of CaP remain largely unknown. Recent studies have shown that downregulation of the microRNA miR-124 occurs in several types of human cancer, suggesting a tumor suppressive function of miR-124. Until now,(More)
We have previously demonstrated that human H2-relaxin can mediate androgen-independent growth of LNCaP through a mechanism that involves the activation of the androgen receptor (AR) signaling pathway. The goal of the current study is to elucidate the mechanism(s) by which H2-relaxin causes activation of the AR pathway. Our data indicate that there is(More)
Src tyrosine kinase (Src) is implicated in the development of bone metastasis and castration resistance of prostate cancer. Src inhibitors are currently being tested in clinical trials for such diseases. Understanding the molecular and cellular actions of Src inhibitors holds the key to future improvement of this line of therapy. Here we describe the(More)
Mutations in p53 occur at a rate of approximately 70% in hormone-refractory prostate cancer (CaP), suggesting that p53 mutations facilitate the progression of CaP to androgen-independent (AI) growth. We have previously reported that transfection of p53 gain of function mutant alleles into LNCaP, an androgen-sensitive cell line, allows for AI growth of LNCaP(More)
Macro-autophagy is associated with drug resistance in various cancers and can function as an adaptive response to maintain cell survival under metabolic stresses, including androgen deprivation. Androgen deprivation or treatment with androgen receptor (AR) signaling inhibitor (ARSI), Enzalutamide (MDV-3100, ENZA) or bicalutamide induced autophagy in(More)
Alveolar type II cells arising in canine bronchial autografts following exposure to 3-methylcholanthrene (MCA) give rise to carcinomas of varying glandular and squamous growth patterns. To study the role of the tumor suppressor gene p53 in this process, sections from progressive lesions were immunostained for p53 protein; microdissected regions were(More)
Despite low radiation dose rates, radioimmunotherapy (RIT) has proven particularly effective in the treatment of malignancies, such as lymphoma. Apoptosis has been suggested to be a major mechanism for cell death from continuous low-dose rate radiation from radioimmunotherapy. The goal of this study was to examine Raji lymphoma xenografts for induction of(More)
To correlate molecular changes with clinical information in prostate tissue, it is necessary to have accurate methods for screening for mutations in clinically available specimens. We have refined the polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis for detection of p53 mutations in routine pathology specimens. These(More)
Pretargeting techniques have shown promise for enhancement of the therapeutic index of radioimmunotherapy for cancer. However, methods to vary and compare antibody configurations and select optimal combinations have proved rather formidable. New options for the construction of pretargeting molecules are provided by sophisticated use of the diversity and(More)
BACKGROUND The reported frequency of mutation of the p53 tumor suppressor gene (also known as TP53) in human carcinomas of the prostate has varied widely, ranging from 3% to 42%. This variability may be a consequence of tumor heterogeneity and/or the use of different methods of analysis. Since p53 mutation has been associated with clinical outcome for a(More)