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BACKGROUND TDP-43 is a major component of the ubiquitinated inclusions that characterise amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) with ubiquitin inclusions (FTLD-U). TDP-43 is an RNA-binding and DNA-binding protein that has many functions and is encoded by the TAR DNA-binding protein gene (TARDBP) on chromosome 1. Our(More)
Frontotemporal lobar degeneration is a fatal neurodegenerative disease that results in progressive decline in behavior, executive function and sometimes language. Disease mechanisms remain poorly understood. Recently, however, the DNA- and RNA-binding protein TDP-43 has been identified as the major protein present in the hallmark inclusion bodies of(More)
Glutathione transferases are known to be important enzymes in the metabolism of xenobiotics. In humans genetic polymorphisms have been reported for the hGSTM1 and hGSTT1 genes leading to individual differences in susceptibility towards toxic effects, such as cancer. This study describes the distribution of the two polymorphisms of hGSTT1 and hGSTM1 in the(More)
Mutations in LRRK2 are the single most common known cause of Parkinson's disease (PD). Two new PD patients with LRRK2 mutation were identified from a cohort with extensive postmortem assessment. One of these patients harbors the R793M mutation and presented with the typical clinical and pathological features of PD. A novel L1165P mutation was identified in(More)
TAR DNA-binding protein-43 (TDP-43) is a highly conserved, ubiquitously expressed nuclear protein that was recently identified as the disease protein in frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitin-positive inclusions (FTLD-U) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Pathogenic TDP-43 gene (TARDBP) mutations have been identified in familial ALS(More)
AIM Neuropathological examination of both individuals in a monozygotic (MZ) twin pair with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is rare, especially in the molecular genetic era. We had the opportunity to assess the concordance and discordance of clinical presentation and neuropathology in three MZ twin pairs with AD. METHODS The MZ twins were identified and(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with frontotemporal dementia due to mutation of progranulin may have a distinct phenotype. OBJECTIVE To identify distinct clinical and pathologic features of patients with frontotemporal dementia who have mutations of progranulin (GRN). DESIGN Retrospective clinical-pathologic study. SETTING Academic medical center. PATIENTS(More)
BACKGROUND Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)-Plus syndromes meet clinical criteria for ALS but also include 1 or more additional features such as dementia, geographic clustering, extrapyramidal signs, objective sensory loss, autonomic dysfunction, cerebellar degeneration, or ocular motility disturbance. METHODS We performed a whole-brain and spinal cord(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic influences on the development of late-onset Alzheimer disease (LOAD) are heterogeneous and ill defined. OBJECTIVE To determine the genetic risk factors for LOAD. DESIGN We asked the following questions: (1) Does early-onset Alzheimer disease (EOAD) occur in families with predominantly LOAD? and (2) Does the apolipoprotein E (APOE)(More)
A nonsense/protein chain-terminating mutation in the CHMP2B gene has recently been reported as a cause of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) in the single large family known to show linkage to chromosome 3. Screening for mutations in this gene in a large series of FTD families and individual patients led to the identification of a protein-truncating mutation in(More)