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BACKGROUND DnaJ proteins participate in many metabolic pathways through dynamic interactions with various components of these processes. The role of three small chloroplast-targeted DnaJ proteins, AtJ8 (At1 g80920), AtJ11 (At4 g36040) and AtJ20 (At4 g13830), was investigated here using knock-out mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana. Photochemical efficiency,(More)
The transport of spermidine into a cyanobacterium, Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, was characterized by measuring the uptake of 14C-spermidine. Spermidine transport was shown to be saturable with an apparent affinity constant (Km) value of 67 microM and a maximal velocity (Vmax) value of 0.45 nmol/min/mg protein. Spermidine uptake was pHdependent with the pH(More)
The potD gene encodes the bacterial substrate-binding subunit of the polyamine transport system. The uptake system, which belongs to the ABC transporters, has been characterized in Escherichia coli, but it has not been previously studied in cyanobacteria. Although the overall sequence identity between Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803 (hereafter(More)
The transport of putrescine into a moderately salt tolerant cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 was characterized by measuring the uptake of radioactively-labeled putrescine. Putrescine transport showed saturation kinetics with an apparent K(m) of 92 +/- 10 microM and V(max) of 0.33 +/- 0.05 nmol/min/mg protein. The transport of putrescine was(More)
Aphanothece cells could take up Na(+) and this uptake was strongly inhibited by the protonophore, carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP). Cells preloaded with Na(+) exhibited Na(+) extrusion ability upon energizing with glucose. Na(+) was also taken up by the plasma membranes supplied with ATP and the uptake was abolished by gramicidin D, monensin(More)
His-tagged Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 PotD protein (rPotD) involved in polyamine transport was overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The purified rPotD showed saturable binding kinetics with radioactively labeled polyamines. The rPotD exhibited a similar binding characteristic for three polyamines, with putrescine having less preference. The K(d) values for(More)
The futC gene encodes a subunit of an ATP-binding cassette (ABC)-type iron transporter in Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803. In the present study, we have focused on the environmental regulation of futC transcription in the model organism Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803 and, moreover, studied the transcriptional regulation of the other transporter(More)
Surviving of crews during future missions to Mars will depend on reliable and adequate supplies of essential life support materials, i.e. oxygen, food, clean water, and fuel. The most economical and sustainable (and in long term, the only viable) way to provide these supplies on Martian bases is via bio-regenerative systems, by using local resources to(More)
Cyanobacteria have a tremendous activity to adapt to environmental changes of their growth conditions. In this study, Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 was used as a model organism to focus on the alternatives of cyanobacterial energy metabolism. Glucose oxidation in Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 was studied by inactivation of slr1843, encoding glucose-6-phosphate(More)
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