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Runx3/Pebp2alphaC null mouse gastric mucosa exhibits hyperplasias due to stimulated proliferation and suppressed apoptosis in epithelial cells, and the cells are resistant to growth-inhibitory and apoptosis-inducing action of TGF-beta, indicating that Runx3 is a major growth regulator of gastric epithelial cells. Between 45% and 60% of human gastric cancer(More)
Bladder cancer (BC) is a common cancer but diagnostic modalities, such as cystoscopy and urinary cytology, have limitations. Here, high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-QTOFMS) was used to profile urine metabolites of 138 patients with BC and 121 control subjects (69 healthy people and 52 patients with(More)
Unlike the prototype transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), bone morphogenetic protein-6 (BMP-6) activates macrophages. Here, we report that BMP-6 induces the expression of IL-6 in macrophages. Using overexpression and knockdown experiments, we demonstrate that BMP receptor type II and activin-like kinase-2 are necessary for IL-6 induction by BMP-6. At the(More)
We investigated the molecular mechanisms involved in the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and the inhibition of MMP expression by magnolol in 5637 human urinary bladder cancer cells. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) stimulated the secretion of MMP-9 in 5637 cells, as shown by zymography and promoter assay. The transcription factor(More)
miRNAs are small, non-coding RNAs that play important roles in various biological processes. The aims of our study were to investigate whether cell-free miRNAs can be measured in urine samples and might be an accurate biomarker of bladder cancer. Datasets of GSE20418 and GSE19717 were used for analysis, and two miRNAs,(More)
The p14(ARF)-MDM2-p53 pathway constitutes an effective mechanism for protecting cells from oncogenic stimuli such as activated Ras and Myc. Importantly, Ras activation induces p14(ARF) and often occurs earlier than p53 inactivation during cancer development. Here, we show that RUNX3, a tumor suppressor in various tumors including stomach, bladder, colon,(More)
The Runt domain transcription factors (RUNXs) play essential roles in normal development and neoplasias. Genetic analyses of animals and humans have revealed the involvement of RUNX1 in hematopoiesis and leukemia, RUNX2 in osteogenesis and cleidocranial dysplasia, and RUNX3 in the development of T-cells and dorsal root ganglion neurons and in the genesis of(More)
PURPOSE Lymph nodes in the prostatic anterior fat pad rarely harbor metastatic disease. Therefore, the characteristics of patients with prostatic anterior fat pad lymph node metastasis are not well described in the literature. We identified the perioperative characteristics and assessed the clinical outcomes of patients with prostatic anterior fat pad lymph(More)
OBJECTIVE Lymph node status has significant pathologic implications in patients with prostate cancer. In this study, we have performed pathologic analysis of prostatic anterior fat pad (PAFP) excised during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) to investigate the potential role of AFP on pathologic staging of prostate cancer. METHODS A total of 258(More)
Diallyl trisulfide (DATS) is one of the major organosulfur components of garlic (Allium sativum L.), which inhibits the proliferation of various cancer cells, but the exact mechanisms of this action in human bladder cancer cells still remain largely unresolved. In this study, we investigated how DATS induces apoptosis in T24 human bladder cancer cells in(More)