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Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) binds transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha) which is mitogenic for hepatocytes. Diverse lines of evidence suggest that activation of the TGF-alpha /EGFR pathway contributes to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) formation. Herein, we developed an experimental model of cirrhosis giving rise to HCC and tested the(More)
AIMS The activation of β-catenin signalling is a key step in intestinal tumorigenesis. Interplay between the β-catenin and Notch pathways during tumorigenesis has been reported, but the mechanisms involved and the role of Notch remain unclear. METHODS Notch status was analysed by studying expression of the Notch effector Hes1 and Notch ligands/receptors(More)
BACKGROUND Digestive metastasis of breast cancer are rare but when they do occur the stomach is one of the commoner sites. AIM To describe the clinical, endoscopic, pathological features and treatment. METHODS 35 cases of gastric metastasis were identified retrospectively between 1980 and 2008. RESULTS The location of the gastric metastasis was fundus(More)
Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) has become a routine imaging modality for many malignancies and its use is currently increasing. In the present review article, we will summarize the evidence for FDG-PET/CT use in digestive cancers (excluding neuroendocrine tumours), and review the existing(More)
BACKGROUND Few data are available on second-line chemotherapy (CT2) for advanced biliary tract cancer (ABTC). The aim of this multicenter study was to describe the CT2 regimens used, the response rates, and the outcomes of patients treated with various CT2 regimens. METHODS Patients who received CT2 for ABTC at 17 French institutions after the failure of(More)
Purpose The only drug that improves survival in hepatocellular carcinoma is sorafenib. FOLFOX-4 regimen is safe and widely used in patients with colorectal cancer, yielding interesting results with little toxicity. We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the safety and the effectiveness of FOLFOX-4 in cirrhotic or liver transplanted patients with(More)
Microsatellite instability is the consequence of a deficient mismatch repair system. It has a key role in the diagnostic strategy of Lynch syndrome, where tumours are all characterized by the presence of this phenotype. Microsatellite instability is therefore essential in the selection of colorectal cancer patients in whom a germline analysis of Mismatch(More)
The emergence of molecularly targeted agents in oncology has not only revolutionized the care of cancer patients, but also changed the daily practice of medical oncologists. Molecularly targeted agents indeed often differ from traditional cytotoxic agents by their administration schedules and routes, their toxicity profiles, and/or the assessment of their(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors reduce colon cancer risk by mechanisms that are not fully understood. We performed microarray analysis of adenomas from Apc(Delta14/+) mice to identify genes that respond to these drugs. METHODS Apc(Delta14/+) mice were given a single daily injection of parecoxib for up to 9 weeks; intestinal tracts of these(More)
Stomach cancers are diagnosed at an early stage in less than 10% of cases in Europe. They are superficial tumours, involving the mucosa and the submucosa only. Node involvement is the most important prognostic factor for these tumours. To determine the optimal therapeutic strategy, it is necessary to carry out a precise work-up involving an endoscopy, with(More)