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BACKGROUND The boundaries of bipolarity have been expanding over the past decade. Using a well characterized epidemiologic cohort, in this paper our objectives were: (1). to test the diagnostic criteria of DSM-IV hypomania, (2). to develop and validate criteria for the definition of softer expressions of bipolar-II (BP-II) disorder and hypomania, (3). to(More)
PURPOSE Recent work suggested that psychosis might be expressed at subclinical levels. However, the determinants of subclinical psychotic symptoms, the degree of continuity over the life span, and the impact on functioning remain unclear. Thus we analyzed the prevalence, determinants, patterns and impact of subclinical psychotic symptoms in a community(More)
Several studies reveal poor knowledge about mental illness in the general population and stigmatizing attitudes toward people with mental illness. However, it is unknown whether mental health professionals hold fewer stigmatizing attitudes than the general population. A survey was conducted of the attitudes of mental health professionals (n = 1073) and(More)
Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder characterised by fundamental disturbances in thinking, perception and emotions. More than 100 years of research have not been able to fully resolve the puzzle that schizophrenia represents. Even if schizophrenia is not a very frequent disease, it is among the most burdensome and costly illnesses worldwide. It(More)
BACKGROUND The value of the individual placement and support (IPS) programme in helping people with severe mental illness gain open employment is unknown in Europe. Our aim was to assess the effectiveness of IPS, and to examine whether its effect is modified by local labour markets and welfare systems. METHODS 312 patients with severe mental illness were(More)
Germany turned towards community-based mental health care in the mid seventies, during a general climate of social and political reform. The continuing deinstitutionalisation process and the implementation of community mental health services was considerably affected by the reunification of East and West Germany in 1990, which required dramatic changes in(More)
Background Beliefs about the helpfulness of interventions are influencing the individual help-seeking behavior in case of mental illnesses. It is important to identify these beliefs as professional helpers are asked to consider them in their treatment recommendations. Objective Assessing lay proposals for an appropriate treatment of mental illnesses.(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the influence of demographic, psychological, sociological and cultural variables on the public acceptance of restrictions on mentally ill people. METHOD Multiple logistic regression analysis of the results of an opinion survey conducted on a representative sample in the German, French and Italian-speaking part of Switzerland. RESULTS(More)
The number of psychiatric beds has declined considerably in many countries over the past decades. Long-term studies on the impact of these health care changes for the severely mentally ill, however, are still scarce. This epidemiological study investigates the use of inpatient psychiatric services by people with schizophrenia, compared to that by people(More)
BACKGROUND Mental health literacy has been defined as the public's knowledge and the beliefs about mental disorders enhancing the ability to recognise specific disorders. AIMS Firstly, to determine whether the public recognises a person depicted in a vignette as mentally ill or as experiencing a crisis. Secondly, to reveal the factors influencing the(More)