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Ambient GABA in the brain tonically activates extrasynaptic GABA(A) receptors, and activity-dependent changes in ambient GABA concentration can also activate GABA(B) receptors. To investigate an interaction between postsynaptic GABA(B) and GABA(A) receptors, we recorded GABA(A) currents elicited by exogenous GABA (10 μm) from dentate gyrus granule cells(More)
Subacute and chronic changes in tonic GABAergic inhibition occur in human and experimental epilepsy. Less is known about how tonic inhibition is modulated over shorter time frames (seconds). We measured endogenous tonic GABA currents from cultured rat hippocampal neurons to evaluate how they are affected by 1) transient increases in extracellular GABA(More)
The fruit hull of Garcinia mangostana L. contains oxygenated and prenylated phenol derivatives, such as xanthones or xanthen-9H-ones, and is used by people in Southeast Asia as a traditional medicine for the treatment of abdominal pain, dysentery, wound infections, suppuration, and chronic ulcer. We isolated the active ingredients from the crude ethanol(More)
The developmental changes of the sodium channel and construction of synapse connection were studied in cerebral cortical pyramidal neurons of rats at different age groups. We used whole-cell patch-clamp recordings to characterize electrophysiological properties of cortical neurons at different age stages, including the sodium currents, APs evoked by(More)
Seamoth (Pegasus laternarius Cuvier) is extensively used to treat various diseases on the coastland of Guangdong Province in China, such as scrofula, cough, and diarrhea. The total extract of Pegasus laternarius (EP) was subjected to column chromatography to acquire three different constituents (EPC1, EPC2, and EPC3). Cerebral neuron injury was induced by(More)
We have investigated the action of the recombinant neurotoxins, named Hk7a and Hk2a, whose amino acid sequences differ only in two positions, isolated from the sea anemone Anthopleura sp., on neuronal sodium currents using the whole-cell voltage-clamp techniques. The rat cerebral cortical neurons in primary culture were used for this study. In our(More)
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