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Coactivators p300 and CREB (cyclic adenosine monophosphate [cAMP]-response element binding protein)-binding protein (CBP) serve as an integrator for gene transcription. Their relative involvement in regulating cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) promoter activity had not been characterized. Using fibroblast and macrophage COX-2 transcription as a model, we determined(More)
Results from our previous study suggest that cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) induced by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) may be localized to caveolae-like structures (Liou, J.-Y., Shyue, S.-K., Tsai, M.-J., Chung, C.-L., Chu, K.-Y., and Wu, K. K. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 15314-15320). In this study, we determined subcellular localization of COX-2 and(More)
The up-regulated expression and telomerase activity of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) are hallmarks of tumorigenesis. The hTERT promoter has been shown to promote hTERT gene expression selectively in tumor cells but not in normal cells. However, little is known about how tumor cells differentially activate hTERT transcription and induce(More)
FUS1 is a novel tumor suppressor gene identified in human chromosome 3p21.3 region. Loss of expression and deficiency of posttranslational modification of FUS1 protein have been found in a majority of human lung cancers. Restoration of wild-type FUS1 in 3p21.3-deficient human lung cancer cells exhibited a potent tumor suppression function in vitro and in(More)
It is well established that p300 plays an important role in mediating gene expressions. However, it is less clear how its binding is influenced by physiological stimuli and how its altered binding affects transactivator acetylation and binding. In this study, we determined p300 binding to a core cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) promoter region by chromatin(More)
To elucidate the mechanism by which isoforms of CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins regulate cyclooxygenase-2 expression, we determined by a novel technique binding of six isoforms of this transactivator to two sequence-specific CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (-132/-125) and cyclic AMP (-59/-53) regulatory elements in human foreskin fibroblasts treated with(More)
To determine whether p300 is involved in inducible NO synthase (iNOS) transcriptional regulation, we evaluated the effect of p300 overexpression on iNOS expression and characterized p300 binding to iNOS promoter in RAW 264.7 cells. p300 overexpression increased iNOS expression which was abrogated by deletion of the histone acetyltransferase (HAT) domain(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) plays a key role in human inflammatory disorders such as vascular inflammation. COX-2 promoter activity is induced by proinflammatory mediators, but the role of cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element (CRE) in promoter stimulation remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS Transient transfection of a 0.9-kb COX-2(More)
OBJECTIVE Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and interferon gamma (IFNgamma) are overexpressed in vascular inflammatory and atherosclerotic lesions. We postulated that IFNgamma suppresses COX-2 expression at the transcriptional level. METHODS AND RESULTS The effect of IFNgamma on COX-2 expression was evaluated in several types of human cells stimulated with phorbol(More)
Melatonin has been shown to be produced by nonpineal cells and possess anti-inflammatory actions in animal models. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that melatonin suppresses the expression of proinflammatory genes such as cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (INOS) by a common transcriptional mechanism. Melatonin but not(More)