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Zika virus (ZIKV) infection can be the cause of congenital malformations, including microcephaly in infants and can cause other disorders such as Guillain-Barré syndrome, meningoencephalitis, and myelitis, which can also occur in some infected adults. However, at this time, there is no drug approved to treat ZIKV infection. Drug repurposing is the promptest(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined the protective effect of salubrinal and the mechanism underlying this protection against tunicamycin (TM)- and hypoxia-induced apoptosis in rat cardiomyocytes. METHODS Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were cultured from the ventricles of 1-day-old Wistar rats. Cells were exposed to different concentrations of salubrinal (10, 20,(More)
Structure-based design and discovery of novel neuroimmunophilin FK506-binding protein (FKBP) ligands were pursued in the present study. The binding mode of the known FKBP ligand 1 (3-(3-pyridyl)-1-propyl (2S)-1-(3,3-dimethyl-1,2-dioxopentyl)-2-pyrrolidinecarboxylate) in complex with FKBP12 was investigated using LUDI simulation and upon which a novel(More)
The 90-kDa heat shock protein HSP90AA1 is critical for the stability of several proteins that are important for tumor progression and thus, is a promising target for cancer therapy. Selenosemicarbazone metal complexes have been shown to possess anticancer activity through an unknown molecular mechanism. The MTT assay, fluorescence-activated cell sorting,(More)
Monitoring autophagic flux is important for the analysis of autophagy. Tandem fluorescent-tagged LC3 (mRFP-EGFP-LC3) is a convenient assay for monitoring autophagic flux based on different pH stability of EGFP and mRFP fluorescent proteins. However, it has been reported that there is still weak fluorescence of EGFP in acidic environments (pH between 4 and(More)
: PP1-12, a new protein phosphatase-1 inhibitor, is designed and synthesized to modulate the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress apoptotic pathway, which is involved in various cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we examined the effect of PP1-12 on ventricular remodeling and heart function after myocardial infarction. Rats that survived within 24 hours(More)
Combining drugs with complementary mechanisms of action may contribute to improved hypertension control in diabetic patients. Advanced glycation end-product (AGE) breakers, a new class of candidate drugs targeting aging-related cardiovascular dysfunction, may be useful as novel adjuvant agents to improve the efficacy of diabetic hypertension (DH) treatment.(More)
Inhibitors of Bcl-XL/Bcl-2 can induce autophagy by releasing the autophagic protein Beclin 1 from its complexes with these proteins. Here we report a novel compound targeting the BH3 binding groove of Bcl-XL/Bcl-2, Z18, which efficiently induces autophagy-associated cell death in HeLa cells, without apparent apoptosis. Unexpectedly, the inhibition of Beclin(More)
Transition metal copper (Cu) can exist in oxidized or reduced states in cells, leading to cytotoxicity in cancer cells through oxidative stress. Recently, copper complexes are emerging as a new class of anticancer compounds. Here, we report that a novel anticancer copper complex (HYF127c/Cu) induces oxidative stress-dependent cell death in cancer cells.(More)
BACKGROUND The long-term association between the status of the false lumen and poor patient outcomes in acute aortic dissection (AAD) remains unclear. This systematic review and meta-analysis investigated whether the status of the false lumen was a predictor of poor long-term survival in AAD. METHODS AND RESULTS Eleven cohort studies (2924 participants)(More)